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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Phylogeny of Riama (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae), impact of phenotypic evidence on molecular datasets, and the origin of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta endemic fauna

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Sanchez-Pacheco, Santiago J. [1, 2, 3] ; Torres-Carvajal, Omar [4] ; Aguirre-Penafiel, Vanessa [4] ; Sales Nunes, Pedro M. [5, 6] ; Verrastro, Laura [3] ; Rivas, Gilson A. [7] ; Rodrigues, Miguel T. [5] ; Grant, Taran [5] ; Murphy, Robert W. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Royal Ontario Museum, Dept Nat Hist, 100 Queens Pk, Toronto, ON M5S 2C6 - Canada
[2] Univ Toronto, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, 25 Willcocks St, Toronto, ON M5S 3B2 - Canada
[3] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Lab Herpetol, Av Bento Goncalves 9500, BR-91540000 Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
[4] Pontificia Univ Catolica Ecuador, Museo Zool, Escuela Biol, Av 12 Octubre & Roca Apartado, Quito 17012184 - Ecuador
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Ctr Biociencias, Dept Zool, Av Prof Moraes Rego S-N, Cidade Univ, BR-50670901 Recife, PE - Brazil
[7] Univ Zulia, Fac Expt Ciencias, Museo Biol, Apartado Postal 526, Maracaibo 4011, Estado Zulia - Venezuela
Total Affiliations: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: CLADISTICS; v. 34, n. 3, p. 260-291, JUN 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 3

Riama is the most speciose genus of the Neotropical lizard family Gymnophthalmidae. Its more than 30 montane species occur throughout the northern Andes, the Cordillera de la Costa (CC) in Venezuela, and Trinidad. We present the most comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of Riama to date based on a total evidence (TE) approach and direct optimization of molecular and morphological evidence. Analyses use DNA sequences from four loci and 35 phenotypic characters. The dataset consists of 55 ingroup terminals representing 25 of the 30 currently recognized species of Riama plus five undescribed taxa, including an endemic species from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (SNSM) in Colombia, and 66 outgroup terminals of 47 species. Analysis results in a well-supported hypothesis in which Riama is polyphyletic, with its species falling into three clades. The Tepuian Anadia mcdiarmidi nests within one clade of Riama, and the recently resurrected Pantodactylus nests within Cercosaura. Accordingly, we propose a monophyletic taxonomy that reflects historical relationships. Analysis of character evolution indicates that the presence/absence of prefrontalsa cornerstone of the early genus-level taxonomy of cercosaurinesis optimally explained as having been plesiomorphically present in the most recent common ancestor of Cercosaurinae and lost in that of the immediately less inclusive clade. Multiple independent reversals to present and subsequent returns to absent occur within this clade. To evaluate the impact of phenotypic evidence on our results, we compare our TE results with results obtained from analyses using only molecular data. Although phenotypic evidence comprises only 1.2% of the TE matrix, its inclusion alters both the topology and support values of the clades that do not differ. Finally, current phylogenetic evidence reveals a SNSM-CC-Trinidad-tepuis biogeographical link. We hypothesize that an ancient connection facilitated the exchange of species between the SNSM and the CC. (C) The Willi Hennig Society 2017. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 03/10335-8 - Systematics and evolution of the herpetological fauna from Neotropical areas
Grantee:Miguel Trefaut Urbano Rodrigues
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/50146-6 - Comparative phylogeography, phylogeny, paleoclimate modeling, and taxonomy of neotropical reptiles and amphibians
Grantee:Miguel Trefaut Urbano Rodrigues
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/10000-5 - A multi-disciplinary approach to the study of amphibian diversification
Grantee:Taran Grant
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants