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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Eye movements and postural control in dyslexic children performing different visual tasks

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Author(s):
Razuk, Milena [1, 2] ; Barela, Jose Angelo [3, 2] ; Peyre, Hugo [4, 1] ; Gerard, Christophe Loic [4] ; Bucci, Maria Pia [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Paris Diderot Univ, Robert Debre Hosp, INSERM, UMR 1141, Paris - France
[2] Cruzeiro Univ, Inst Phys Act & Sport Sci, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ, Inst Biosci, Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[4] Robert Debre Hosp, Child & Adolescent Psychiat Dept, Paris - France
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 13, n. 5 MAY 24 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine eye movements and postural control performance among dyslexic children while reading a text and performing the Landolt reading task. Fifteen dyslexic and 15 non-dyslexic children were asked to stand upright while performing two experimental visual tasks: text reading and Landolt reading. In the text reading task, children were asked to silently read a text displayed on a monitor, while in the Landolt reading task, the letters in the text were replaced by closed circles and Landolt rings, and children were asked to scan each circle/ring in a reading-like fashion, from left to right, and to count the number of Landolt rings. Eye movements (Mobile T2 (R), SuriCog) and center of pressure excursions (Framiral (R), Grasse, France) were recorded. Visual performance variables were total reading time, mean duration of fixation, number of pro- and retro-saccades, and amplitude of pro-saccades. Postural performance variable was the center of pressure area. The results showed that dyslexic children spent more time reading the text and had a longer duration of fixation than non-dyslexic children. However, no difference was observed between dyslexic and non-dyslexic children in the Landolt reading task. Dyslexic children performed a higher number of pro- and retro-saccades than non-dyslexic children in both text reading and Landolt reading tasks. Dyslexic children had smaller pro-saccade amplitude than non-dyslexic children in the text reading task. Finally, postural performance was poorer in dyslexic children than in non-dyslexic children. Reading difficulties in dyslexic children are related to eye movement strategies required to scan and obtain lexical and semantic meaning. However, postural control performance, which was poor in dyslexic children, is not related to lexical and semantic reading requirements and might not also be related to different eye movement behavior. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/25653-7 - Multisensory reweighting in children with dyslexia: behavior and mechanisms
Grantee:Milena Razuk
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/05602-7 - Effect of different visual tasks in postural control in dyslexic children: eye movement analysis
Grantee:Milena Razuk
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/26637-0 - Use of visual information in children with dyslexia: eye movement analysis
Grantee:José Angelo Barela
Support type: Regular Research Grants