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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Leafing patterns and leaf exchange strategies of a cerrado woody community

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Author(s):
Gutierrez de Camargo, Maria Gabriela [1] ; de Carvalho, Gustavo Henrique [1] ; Alberton, Bruna de Costa [1, 2] ; Reys, Paula [1, 3] ; Cerdeira Morellato, Leonor Patricia [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Bot, Lab Fenol, Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Programa Posgrad Ecol & Biodiversidade, Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Rio Verde, Campus 1, Rio Verde, Go - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Biotropica; v. 50, n. 3, p. 442-454, MAY 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

The deciduousness of tropical trees and communities depend on ecosystems characteristics such as plant species diversity, and strength of the dry season. Based on seven years of phenological observations, we provide the first long-term description of leafing patterns of a woody cerrado community, aiming to investigate (1) the leaf exchange strategies considering the interannual variation in the degree of deciduousness of individuals and species and quantify the community deciduousness; (2) the relationship between interannual patterns of leaf fall and leaf flush according to the species' leaf exchange strategies and climate; (3) the onset of cerrado growing season and its relation to climate seasonality. To detect seasonality and leafing onset we applied circular statistics and to understand the relationships between environmental predictors and leaf exchange strategies, we used generalized additive models. From 106 species observed, we classified 69 as deciduous (26 species), semi-deciduous (25) or evergreen (18) and defined the studied cerrado as a semi-deciduous vegetation. Leaf phenology was markedly seasonal and similar among years. Leaf fall peaked in the dry season, and leaf flush in the dry-to-wet transition. Leaf fall patterns related to temperature and leaf flush to day length and rainfall. Semi-deciduous and deciduous species were more constrained by climate than the evergreen ones. The cerrado growing season started in the dry-to-wet season transition. Interannual variations in rainfall and temperature affected the individuals' and, consequently, species' degree of deciduousness, highlighting individual and species variability, and suggesting that cerrado leafing patterns are likely susceptible to future climate change scenarios. Resumo A deciduidade das arvores e comunidades tropicais depende de caracteristicas do ecossistema como a diversidade de especies de plantas e a intensidade da estacAo seca. Baseados em sete anos de observacoes fenologicas, apresentamos uma descricAo de longo prazo de padroes vegetativos de uma comunidade lenhosa de cerrado com o objetivo de investigar: (1) as estrategias de trocas foliares considerando a variacAo interanual no grau de deciduidade dos individuos e especies e quantificar a deciduidade da comunidade; (2) as relacoes entre padroes interanuais de queda e brotamento foliar conforme a estrategia de trocas foliares das especies e o clima; (3) o inicio da estacAo de crescimento da comunidade de cerrado estudada e sua relacAo com a sazonalidade climatica. Utilizamos estatistica circular para analisar a sazonalidade fenologica e o inicio do brotamento foliar na comunidade, e modelos aditivos generalizados para entender as relacoes entre variaveis ambientais e as estrategias de trocas foliares. Dentre as 106 especies observadas, 69 foram classificadas como deciduas (26 especies), semi-deciduas (25) ou sempre-verdes (18) e definimos o cerrado estudado como uma vegetacAo semi-decidua. A fenologia vegetativa foi marcadamente sazonal e similar entre anos. O pico de queda foliar ocorreu na estacAo seca e o de brotamento na transicAo entre as estacoes seca e chuvosa. O padrAo de queda de folhas foi relacionado a temperatura e o de brotamento ao comprimento do dia e pluviosidade. As especies deciduas e semi-deciduas foram mais afetadas pelo clima do que as sempre-verdes. A estacAo de crescimento no cerrado comecou na transicAo entre as estacoes seca e umida. As variacoes interanuais na precipitacAo e temperatura afetaram o grau de deciduidade de individuos e consequentemente das especies, ressaltando a alta variabilidade individual e especifica, sugerindo que os padroes de troca foliar das especies do cerrado podem ser afetados por mudancas climaticas futuras. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/14292-9 - Analysis of flowering patterns from herbarium specimens: relationships with the climate and long term shifts in flowering times
Grantee:Gustavo Henrique de Carvalho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/00215-0 - Remote phenology and leaf exchange patterns towards a sazonality gradient
Grantee:Bruna de Costa Alberton
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/01762-3 - Fruiting patterns and diversity in production, color and chemical composition of Cerrado fruits: an integrated view
Grantee:Maria Gabriela Gutierrez de Camargo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 09/54208-6 - Multi-User Centralized Laboratory at the São Paulo State University Center for Biodiversity Studies
Grantee:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Support type: Multi-user Equipment Program
FAPESP's process: 10/51307-0 - Floristic diversity and seasonal patterns of rupestrian fields and cerrado
Grantee:Leonor Patricia Cerdeira Morellato
Support type: Research Grants - Research Partnership for Technological Innovation - PITE
FAPESP's process: 15/10754-8 - Spatio-temporal variations in the flower-color spectra according to the pollinators' visual systems
Grantee:Maria Gabriela Gutierrez de Camargo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/50155-0 - Combining new technologies to monitor phenology from leaves to ecosystems
Grantee:Leonor Patricia Cerdeira Morellato
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - University-Industry Cooperative Research (PITE)
FAPESP's process: 10/52113-5 - e-phenology: the application of new technologies to monitor plant phenology and track climate changes in the tropics
Grantee:Leonor Patricia Cerdeira Morellato
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Regular Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/01413-5 - Using leaf phenology patterns to investigate net ecosystem exchange controls in tropical vegetations
Grantee:Bruna de Costa Alberton
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate