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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Prosodic Boundary Effects on Syntactic Disambiguation in Children With Cochlear Implants

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Fortunato-Tavares, Talita [1] ; Schwartz, Richard G. [2] ; Marton, Klara [2] ; de Andrade, Claudia F. [3] ; Houston, Derek [4, 5]
Total Authors: 5
[1] CUNY, Lehman Coll, Bronx, NY 10453 - USA
[2] CUNY, Grad Ctr, New York, NY - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Ohio State Univ, Coll Med, Columbus, OH 43210 - USA
[5] Nationwide Childrens Hosp, Columbus, OH - USA
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF SPEECH LANGUAGE AND HEARING RESEARCH; v. 61, n. 5, p. 1188-1202, MAY 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Purpose: This study investigated prosodic boundary effects on the comprehension of attachment ambiguities in children with cochlear implants (CIs) and normal hearing (NH) and tested the absolute boundary hypothesis and the relative boundary hypothesis. Processing speed was also investigated. Method: Fifteen children with NH and 13 children with CIs (ages 8-12 years) who are monolingual speakers of Brazilian Portuguese participated in a computerized comprehension task with sentences containing prepositional phrase attachment ambiguity and manipulations of prosodic boundaries. Results: Children with NH and children with CIs differed in how they used prosodic forms to disambiguate sentences. Children in both groups provided responses consistent with half of the predictions of the relative boundary hypothesis. The absolute boundary hypothesis did not characterize the syntactic disambiguation of children with CIs. Processing speed was similar in both groups. Conclusions: Children with CIs do not use prosodic information to disambiguate sentences or to facilitate comprehension of unambiguous sentences similarly to children with NH. The results suggest that cross-linguistic differences may interact with syntactic disambiguation. Prosodic contrasts that affect sentence comprehension need to be addressed directly in intervention with children with CIs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/24837-4 - Behavioral and Real-Time Processing Analyses of the Relation between Prosody and Sentence Comprehension in Children with Communication Disorders
Grantee:Talita Maria Fortunato-Tavares
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate