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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Applicability of activated carbon obtained from peach stone as an electrochemical sensor for detecting caffeine

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Arroyo-Gomez, J. J. [1] ; Villarroel-Rocha, D. [1] ; de Freitas-Araujo, K. C. [2] ; Martinez-Huitle, Carlos A. [3, 2] ; Sapag, K. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Nacl San Luis, Lab Solidos Porosos LabSoP, INFAP CONICET, Ave Ejercito de los Andes 950, RA-5700 San Luis - Argentina
[2] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Inst Quim, LEAA, BR-59072970 Natal, RN - Brazil
[3] Unesp, Natl Inst Alternat Technol Detect Toxicol Evaluat, Inst Chem, POB 355, BR-14800900 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; v. 822, p. 171-176, AUG 1 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 4

Simple, economical and highly sensitive electrodes for the detection of caffeine by using activated carbon from peach stones have been developed. The activated carbons were synthesized by chemical activation using ZnCl2 and ZnCl2:FeCl3 (1:1) as chemical agents, producing carbons with different textural properties and morphologies, which led to differences in the electroactive area of the materials that affected the electrochemical response to caffeine. The electrodes presented a linear response in the concentration range from 3.98 x 10(-5) to 4.58 x 10(-4) and 6.37 x 10(-4)M for the carbon activated with ZnCl2 and ZnCl2:FeCl3 (1:1), respectively. The detection limits were estimated in 2.85 x 10(-5) and 1.60 x 10(-5)M. The electrodes were tested to measure caffeine in real life samples, giving caffeine concentrations close to the reported values. Despite presenting the lowest surface area and the lowest thermal stability, the activated carbon obtained with ZnCl2:FeCl3 (1:1) was more sensitive to caffeine, measuring caffeine concentrations very close to the reported values for the tested beverages. These results show that these electrodes may be an alternative to develop new and reliable analytical tools at low cost with high efficiency. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50945-4 - INCT 2014: National Institute for Alternative Technologies of Detection, Toxicological Evaluation and Removal of Micropollutants and Radioactivies
Grantee:Maria Valnice Boldrin
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants