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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Deregulation of E-cadherin, beta-catenin, APC and Caveolin-1 expression occurs in canine prostate cancer and metastatic processes

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Author(s):
Kobayashi, Priscila E. [1] ; Fonseca-Alves, Carlos E. [1] ; Rivera-Calderon, Luis G. [2] ; Carvalho, Marcio [1] ; Kuasne, Hellen [3] ; Rogatto, Silvia R. [4, 5] ; Laufer-Arnorim, Renee [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Dept Vet Clin, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Agr & Vet Sci, Dept Vet Pathol, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[3] AC Camargo Hosp, Int Ctr Res CIPE, Liberdade, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Southern Denmark, Vejle Hosp, Dept Clin Genet, Odense - Denmark
[5] Univ Southern Denmark, Inst Reg Hlth, Odense - Denmark
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Research in Veterinary Science; v. 118, p. 254-261, JUN 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

Prostate cancer is a heterogeneous disease with high levels of clinical and gene heterogeneity, consequently offering several targets for therapy. Dogs with naturally occurring prostate cancer are useful models for molecular investigations and studying new treatment efficacy. Three genes and proteins associated with the WNT pathway (beta-catenin, APC and E-cadherin) and Caveolin-1 (CAV-1) were evaluated in canine pre-neoplastic proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA), prostate cancer and metastatic disease. The APC gene methylation status was also investigated. As in human prostate cancer, cytoplasmic and nuclear beta-catenin, which are fundamental for activating the canonical WNT pathway, were found in canine prostate cancer and metastasis. Membranous E-cadherin was also lost in these lesions, allowing cellular migration to the stroma and nuclear localization of beta-catenin. In contrast to human prostate tumours, no APC downregulation or hypermethylation was found in canine prostate cancer. The CA V-1 gene and protein overexpression were found in canine prostate cancer, and as in humans, the highest levels were found in Gleason scores >= 8. In conclusion, as with human prostate cancer, beta-catenin and E-cadherin in the WNT pathway, as well as Caveolin-1, are molecular drivers in canine prostate cancer. These findings provide additional evidence that dogs are useful models for studying new therapeutic targets in prostate cancer. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/16068-0 - Epigenetic evaluation of NKX3.1 and CDH1 and immunohistochemistry expression of c-myc, NKX3.1 and E-cadherin on tissue microarray (TMA) of pre-neoplastic and neoplastic prostate of dogs
Grantee:Renee Laufer Amorim
Support type: Regular Research Grants