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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Survival of Steinernema feltiae in different formulation substrates: Improved longevity in a mixture of gel and vermiculite

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Author(s):
Leite, Luis G. [1] ; Shapiro-Ilan, David I. [2] ; Hazir, Selcuk [3]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] APTA, Inst Biol, CP 70, BR-13001970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] USDA ARS, SEFTNRL, Byron, GA 31008 - USA
[3] Adnan Menderes Univ, Fac Arts & Sci, Dept Biol, Aydin - Turkey
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: BIOLOGICAL CONTROL; v. 126, p. 192-197, NOV 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) have been commercially produced as biopesticides, but nematode products still face significant barriers related to preservation and formulation. This study assessed the performance of seven different formulation substrates and two combinations involving vermiculite and gel, to preserve Steinernema feltiae at three temperatures: 15 degrees C, 25 degrees C and 35 degrees C. The first two experiments assessed the survival and mobility of S. feltiae infective juveniles (IJs) in mushroom compost (Hobin Wood Landscaping Products), peat (sphagnum peat moss), Potting mix (Metro Mix (R)), polyacrylamide gel, diatomaceous earth, vermiculite, and water (control). A third experiment assessed the survival of IJs in combinations of the two best substrates selected from the prior tests: vermiculite, polyacrylamide gel (1.33%), double polyacrylamide gel (2.66%), vermiculite+gel (1.33%), vermiculite+double gel (2.66%), and water (control). The greatest IJ fitness at 35 degrees C and 25 degrees C was observed in peat and vermiculite, respectively, and at 15 degrees C the gel and water treatments were superior. In general, vermiculite and polyacrylamide gel were the two best substrates considering that they provided the best results at 25 degrees C and 15 degrees C. The polyacrylamide gel formulation held higher numbers of nematodes in the substrate compared with the solid substrates. The mixture of vermiculite+double polyacrylamide gel provided the best preservation at 35 degrees C compared to the substrates tested separately. The combination of vermiculite with polyacrylamide gel preserves S. feltiae IJs with viability higher than 80% for at least 30 days at 35 degrees C, 233 days at 25 degrees C, and 241 days at 15 degrees C. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/00651-4 - In vitro mass production of entomopathogenic nematodes: selection of media, biphasic production, formulation and use of the industrial waste
Grantee:Luís Garrigós Leite
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research