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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Influence of substrate orientation on tadpoles' feeding efficiency

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Annibale, Fabiane Santana [1] ; Tsutae de Sousa, Veronica Thiemi [1] ; de Sousa, Carlos Eduardo [2] ; Venesky, Matthew D. [3] ; Rossa-Feres, Denise de Cerqueira [2] ; Nomura, Fausto [1] ; Wassersug, Richard J. [4]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Fed Goias, Dept Ecol, BR-74690900 Goiania, Go - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquite Filho, Dept Zool & Bot, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Allegheny Coll, Dept Biol, Meadville, PA 16335 - USA
[4] Univ British Columbia, Dept Cellular & Physiol Sci, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3 - Canada
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: BIOLOGY OPEN; v. 8, n. 1 JAN 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

In nature, tadpoles encounter food on substrates oriented at different angles (e.g. vertically along stems, horizontally on the bottom of the pond). We manipulated the orientation of food-covered surfaces to test how different orientations of surfaces affect tadpoles' feeding efficiency. We studied taxa that differed in the oral morphology of their larvae and position in the water column. We hypothesized that species would differ in their ability to graze upon surfaces at different orientations and that differences in the tadpoles' feeding ability would result in different growth rates. The orientation of food-covered surfaces did not affect the growth rate of bottom-dwelling tadpoles (whose growth rate varied only between species). Among midwater tadpoles, some species appear to have a generalist strategy and experienced a high relative growth rate on numerous substrate orientations, whereas others achieved high growth rates only on flat substrates (i.e. at 0 degrees and 180 degrees). We conclude that oral morphology constrains tadpoles' ability to feed at different substrate orientations, and this could lead to niche partitioning in structurally complex aquatic environments. Because physical parameters of the environment can affect tadpoles' growth rate, characterizing these features might help us better understand how competition structures tadpole assemblages. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/52321-7 - Diversity and ecology of tadpoles from Central Amazonia
Grantee:Denise de Cerqueira Rossa-Feres
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants