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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Mineral salt intake effects on faecal-N concentration and the volume and composition of beef cattle urine

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Cardoso, Abmael da Silva [1] ; Neto, Antonio Jose [2] ; Azenha, Mariane Vieira [3] ; Morgado, Eliane Silva [4] ; Brito, Liziane de Figueiredo [5] ; Janusckiewicz, Estela Rossetto [6] ; Berchielli, Telma Terezinha [1] ; Reis, Ricardo Andrade [1] ; Ruggieri, Ana Claudia [1]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, Dept Zootecnia, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castellane, Km 5, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Nutripura, BR-78705600 Rondonopolis, MT - Brazil
[3] Embrapa Southeast Livestock, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Uberlandia, Fac Med Vet, BR-38408100 Uberlandia, MG - Brazil
[5] Queensland Univ, Brisbane, Qld - Australia
[6] Univ Estadual Mato Grosso Sul, BR-79804970 Nova Andradina, MS - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION; v. 51, n. 1, p. 171-177, JAN 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

The effect of mineral salts on water ingestion and urine volume in cattle has been extensively studied. However, recently, this effect has been investigated as a potential mitigator of environmental aspects related to the nitrogen (N) cycle, such as nitrate (NO3-) lixiviation, ammonia (NH3) volatilisation, and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. The effect of mineral salts, particularly sodium chloride (NaCl), on urine-N concentration, urine volume, the proportion of N compounds in the urine, and faecal-N concentration has not yet been explored in field conditions with respect to environmental aspects of beef cattle production. The present study investigated the effect of dietary mineral salt rates on these parameters. A Latin square (5x5) experimental design was utilised with five concentrations of mineral salts in the diet: 0.0, 2.0, 4.0, 6.0, and 8.0g based on dry matter (DM) ingestion (g/kg DM). The nitrogen concentration in the urine and urine volume increased linearly. The total N excreted (g/day) via urine did not vary with increasing mineral salt concentrations. When evaluated, the N compounds of urine (urea-N, allantoin-N, and hippuric acid-N) also reacted to the increased mineral salt concentrations, while creatinine-N did not. Urea-N, allantoin-N, and hippuric acid-N linearly increased their proportions in total N-urine. The N concentration in faeces was not affected by mineral salt concentrations. The urine volume, concentration of N, and proportion of N compounds in the urine affected N2O emissions and NH3 volatilisation. Therefore, mineral salt utilisation may be an option for mitigating N pollution from beef cattle, especially for grasslands in tropical countries. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/00060-8 - GHG full account and mitigation strategies in Brachiaria pastures submitted to different management
Grantee:Telma Teresinha Berchielli
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/06718-8 - Nitrogen balance, emission of greenhouse gases ánd mitigation of N2O ín “The production of beef cattle grazing
Grantee:Abmael da Silva Cardoso
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate