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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Differences in N2O Fluxes and Denitrification Gene Abundance in the Wet and Dry Seasons Through Soil and Plant Residue Characteristics of Tropical Tree Crops

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Nishisaka, Caroline Sayuri [1] ; Youngerman, Connor [2] ; Meredith, Laura K. [2] ; do Carmo, Janaina Braga [1, 3] ; Navarrete, Acacio Aparecido [1, 3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Grad Program Biotechnol & Environm Monitoring PPG, Sorocaba - Brazil
[2] Univ Arizona, Sch Nat Resources & Environm, Tucson, AZ - USA
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Environm Sci, Sorocaba - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Review article
Web of Science Citations: 1

The conversion of forest to agricultural soils is a widespread activity in tropical systems, and its link to nitrous oxide (N2O) fluxes and nitrogen cycling gene abundance is relevant to understand environmental drivers that may interact with climate change. A current challenge to estimating N2O emissions from land use conversion is an incomplete understanding of crop-specific impacts on denitrifier communities and the N2O fluxes driven by differences in the above-and below-ground inputs with crop type. To address this knowledge gap in tree crops, we evaluated N2O fluxes and denitrification gene abundance and their relationships with soil and plant residue characteristics in citrus and eucalyptus plantations in the field and in soil incubations. We found that the accumulated N2O fluxes from soil were lower for the two agricultural field sites than those for their adjacent forest sites in dry and wet seasons. The N2O fluxes were higher in the wet season, and this seasonal difference persisted even when the soils collected from both seasons were incubated under the same moisture and temperature conditions in the lab for 30 days. Increased N2O fluxes in the wet season were accompanied by an increase in soil nirK and nosZ gene abundance, the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration, and the total soil carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) content. In turn, the abundance of denitrifiers, as indicated by nirK, nirS, and nosZ gene copy numbers, showed a low but significant positive correlation with soil bulk density. Our results suggest that soil moisture, leaf litter, and crop residues influence the seasonal differences in both N2O fluxes and abundance of denitrifiers in citrus-and eucalyptus-cultivated soils, likely through effects on soil physicochemical characteristics. These findings highlight the overwhelming role of environmental drivers that can make investigating microbial drivers difficult in the field and open the possibility for a better understanding of N cycling processes in tropical soils based on paired field-and incubation-based experimentation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/15289-4 - Impacts of land-use change and crop residues on nitrous oxide emission and abundance of soil denitrifiers bacteria
Grantee:Caroline Sayuri Nishisaka
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 16/16687-3 - Dynamics of production and consumption of methane by active microbiota in Amazonian wetlands
Grantee:Acacio Aparecido Navarrete
Support Opportunities: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Young Investigators
FAPESP's process: 12/50694-6 - Greenhouse gases emission during vinasse and trash in areas cultivated with sugar cane: analytical infrastructure expansion
Grantee:Janaina Braga do Carmo
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/17441-0 - Linking physicochemical soil factors and denitrifying microbial genes to nitrous oxide fluxes in afforested areas affected with Eucalyptus and Citrus in southeastern Brazil
Grantee:Caroline Sayuri Nishisaka
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree