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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Haptic information provided by anchors and the presence of cognitive tasks contribute separately to reducing postural sway in young adults

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Author(s):
Batistela, Rosangela Alice [1] ; Oates, Alison [2] ; Moraes, Renato [3, 1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Grad Program Rehabil & Funct Performance, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Saskatchewan, Coll Kinesiol, Saskatoon, SK - Canada
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: GAIT & POSTURE; v. 68, p. 213-219, FEB 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Background: Haptic information provided by the anchors reduces postural sway while standing upright. It is unclear whether this benefit would remain in the presence of cognitive tasks combined with a more challenging postural task. Research question: Our aim was to investigate the effects of the anchors and visual and auditory cognitive tasks on postural control in young adults in a challenging balancing task. Methods: Twenty young adults stood upright on a balance beam with the central portion of each foot placed over the beam and feet at shoulder width without and with the use of the anchors in three cognitive conditions: control, visual Stroop task, and auditory digit-monitoring task. Each anchor consisted of a flexible cable with a light load (125 g) attached at one end of the cable. With the anchors, the participants held the flexible cable in each hand with the light load resting on the ground while keeping tension in the cable. Results: Both visual and auditory cognitive tasks reduced the center of pressure (COP) ellipse area, the root mean square of the margin of dynamic stability (based on the extrapolated center of mass, COM) and increased the COM time-to-contact relative to the boundaries of the base of support in the AP direction. The anchors reduced the COP ellipse area. Significance: There is a functional integration between postural control and cognitive tasks, such that postural sway was reduced to facilitate the execution of the cognitive tasks. Anchors were effective in reducing postural sway, suggesting that haptic information was able to benefit postural control in a challenging balancing task regardless of the cognitive task. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/02404-7 - Addition of haptic information for postural control in young and old (fallers and non-fallers) adults: comparative analysis of the paradigms of light touch and the anchor system
Grantee:Renato de Moraes
Support type: Regular Research Grants