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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Sodium ion removal by hydrated vanadyl phosphate for electrochemical water desalination supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c8ta10087j

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Author(s):
Lee, Juhan [1, 2] ; Srimuk, Pattarachai [1, 2] ; Zwingelstein, Rose [1, 2] ; Zornitta, Rafael Linzmeyer [3, 1] ; Choi, Jaehoon [1, 4] ; Kim, Choonsoo [1] ; Presser, Volker [1, 2]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] INM Leibniz Inst New Mat, Campus D2 2, D-66123 Saarbrucken - Germany
[2] Saarland Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Campus D2 2, D-66123 Saarbrucken - Germany
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem Engn, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Korea Univ Technol & Educ, Sch Energy Mat & Chem Engn, Chungjeol Ro 1600, Cheonan 31253 - South Korea
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A; v. 7, n. 8, p. 4175-4184, FEB 28 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

In recent years, electrochemical water desalination with battery electrode materials has emerged as a promising solution for energy-efficient salt-water desalination. Here, we report the promising desalination performance of a hydrothermally synthesized vanadyl phosphate material (mixed phases of sodium vanadyl phosphate dehydrate and vanadyl hydrogen phosphate hemihydrate) as a new electrode material. We observed robust stability of the synthesized electrode material over 280 cycles during desalination operation for 100 mM NaCl feedwater which was continuously flowing along the electrode material. During the first 100 cycles, the charge storage capacity was enhanced by 47%. This enhancement seems to be caused by a continuous conversion to vanadyl phosphate monohydrate from initial phases according to the post-mortem analysis by X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy. The maximum sodium uptake capacity of the vanadyl phosphate electrode was 24.3 mg g(-1) with charge efficiency of around 85%. We found no detectable level of contamination by phosphor nor vanadium from the treated water stream indicating that our synthesized electrode is also environmentally safe for water desalination applications. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/26593-3 - Desalination using capacitive deionization: development of new electrodes and process optimization
Grantee:Rafael Linzmeyer Zornitta
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/24684-4 - Development of activated carbon from lignin as electrode for capacitive deionization of multicomponent solutions
Grantee:Rafael Linzmeyer Zornitta
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate