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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Behavioral, cognitive and histological changes following neonatal anoxia: Male and female rats' differences at adolescent age

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Kumar, Amrita Jha [1] ; Motta-Teixeira, Livia Clemente [2, 3] ; Takada, Silvia Honda [4] ; Yonamine-Lee, Vitor [1] ; Machado-Nils, Aline Vilar [2] ; Xavier, Gilberto Fernando [2] ; Nogueira, Maria Ines [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Neurosci Lab, Dept Anat, Inst Biomed Sci, Av Prof Lineu Prestes 2415, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Physiol, Inst Biosci, Rua Matao 14, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Neurobiol Lab, Dept Physiol, Inst Biomed Sci, Av Prof Lineu Prestes 1524, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Fed Univ ABC, Neurogenet Lab, Bloco Delta R Arcturus 3, BR-09606070 Sao Bernardo Do Campo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Neonatal anoxia induces long-term brain injury that may underlie neurobehavioral deficits at adolescence. Neonatal anoxia, induced by exposure of 30-hour old pups to 100% nitrogen, represents a non-invasive and global stimulus, which simulates clinical conditions of human pre-term babies (around 6 gestational months). Previous studies showed that neonatal anoxia induced impairments of spatial memory and altered anxiety-like behaviors in male rats tested at adult age. This study evaluated if neonatal anoxia induces similar behavioral effects in female rats, as compared to males, by testing the animals at adolescence, and also searched for possible cell losses in hippocampal subfields. Results in the Elevated Plus Maze test showed that anoxic females spent proportionally more time within the open arms as compared to anoxic males, suggesting a less anxious-like behavior. In the Morris Water Maze Test, latencies and path lengths of the anoxic subjects were longer as compared to control subjects, thus indicating that anoxia disrupted the cognitive functions required for spatial mapping. In addition, results showed that anoxia-induced disruption was greater in male rats as compared to female rats. Stereological analysis revealed that anoxic male rats exhibited significant cell losses in the dorsal hippocampus dentate gyms and CA1 subfields, but not in CA3-2 subfield. Similar results were observed in the ventral hippocampus, but now with cell loss in the male CA3-2 subfield. There were also significant cell loss differences of anoxic male rats as compared to anoxic female rats. In conclusion, neonatal anoxia induces deleterious and long lasting behavioral and cognitive disruptions, and these effects were stronger in male rats as compared to female rats. These changes are congruent with the pattern of cell losses observed in hippocampal subfields. Together, these results emphasize the relevance of scientific research, aiming at clinical strategies and treatments, consider the sex differential patterns of response to neonatal injury. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/18941-4 - Effects of maternal melatonin deprivation during pregnancy and lactation on the offspring neuroimmune system
Grantee:Lívia Clemente Motta Teixeira
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/18415-8 - Gender differences in ontogenetic development, behavior and energy metabolism in rats subjected to neonatal anoxia: focus on the hippocampus, hypothalamus, leptin and glia cels
Grantee:Maria Inês Nogueira
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/22313-3 - Influence of the absence of maternal melatonin during pregnancy and lactation on neurogenesis and on somatic and sensorimotor development of the offspring
Grantee:Lívia Clemente Motta Teixeira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate