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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Microevolution of medically important mosquitoes - A review

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Author(s):
Suesdek, Lincoln [1, 2]
Total Authors: 1
Affiliation:
[1] Inst Butantan, Av Vital Brazil 1500, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Med Trop, Av Dr Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar 470, BR-05403000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Review article
Source: Acta Tropica; v. 191, p. 162-171, MAR 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

This review intends to discuss central issues regarding the microevolution of mosquito (Culicidae) vectors of several pathogens and how this process impacts vector biology, disease transmission, and vector control attempts. On the microevolutionary context, it comparatively discusses the current knowledge on the population genetics of representatives of the genera Aedes, Anopheles and Culex, and comments on insecticide resistance of culicids. It also discusses other biological aspects of culicids that are not usually addressed in microevolutionary studies, such as vectorial competence, endosymbiosis, and wing morphology. One conclusion is that mosquitoes are highly genetically variable, adaptable, fast evolving, and have versatile vectorial competence. Unveiling microevolutionary patterns is fundamental for the design and maintenance of all control programs. Sampling methods for assessing microevolution must be standardized and must follow meaningful guidelines, such as those of ``landscape genetics{''}. A good understanding of microevolution requires more than a collection of case studies on population genetics and resistance. Future research could deal not only with the microevolution sense stricto, but also with evolutionarily meaningful issues, such as inheritable characters, epigenetics, physiological cost-free plasticity, vector immunity, symbiosis, pathogen-mosquito co-evolution and environmental variables. A genotyping panel for seeking adaptive phenotypes as part of the standardization of population genetics methods is proposed. The investigative paradigm should not only be retrospective but also prospective, despite the un-predictability of evolution. If we integrate all suggestions to tackle mosquito evolution, a global revolution to counter vector-borne diseases can be provoked. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 06/02622-5 - Populational characterization of Culicidae of medical importance: molecular, karyotypic and morphometric aspects
Grantee:Lincoln Suesdek Rocha
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/50008-6 - Mosquitos and disease in the city: a study of public health and its representation in São Paulo, Brazil
Grantee:Lincoln Suesdek Rocha
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/27172-9 - Investigation on the functionality of genes of pathogen-vectors mosquitoes
Grantee:Lincoln Suesdek Rocha
Support type: Regular Research Grants