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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

cGMP modulation therapeutics for sickle cell disease

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Conran, Nicola [1] ; Torres, Lidiane [1]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Hematol Ctr, Cidade Univ, BR-13083878 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Review article
Source: Experimental Biology and Medicine; v. 244, n. 2, p. 132-146, FEB 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 4

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited disease caused by the production of abnormal hemoglobin (Hb) S, whose deoxygenation-induced polymerization results in red blood cell (RBC) sickling and numerous pathophysiological consequences. SCD affects approximately 300,000 newborns worldwide each year and is associated with acute and chronic complications, including frequent painful vaso-occlusive episodes that often require hospitalization. Chronic intravascular hemolysis in SCD significantly reduces vascular nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, consequently decreasing intracellular signaling via cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), in turn diminishing vasodilation and contributing to the inflammatory mechanisms that trigger vaso-occlusive processes. Oxidative stress may further reduce NO bioavailability in SCD and can oxidize the intracellular enzyme target of NO, soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), rendering it inactive. Increasing intracellular cGMP-dependent signaling constitutes an important pharmacological therapeutic approach for SCD with a view to augmenting vasodilation, and reducing inflammatory mechanisms, as well as for increasing the production of anti-polymerizing fetal Hb in erythroid cells. Pharmacological agents under pre-clinical and clinical investigation for SCD include NO-based therapeutics to augment NO bioavailability, as well as heme-dependent sGC stimulators and heme-independent sGC activators that directly stimulate native and oxidized sGC, respectively, therefore bypassing the need for vascular NO delivery. Additionally, the phosphodiesterases (PDEs) that degrade intracellular cyclic nucleotides with specific cellular distributions are attractive drug targets for SCD; PDE9 is highly expressed in hematopoietic cells, making the use of PDE9 inhibitors, originally developed for use in neurological diseases, a potential approach that could rapidly amplify intracellular cGMP concentrations in a relatively tissue-specific manner. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/00984-3 - Red blood cell disorders: pathophysiology and new therapeutic approaches
Grantee:Fernando Ferreira Costa
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/08010-9 - Characterization of the inflammatory effects of intravascular hemolytic processes, in vitro and in vivo
Grantee:Nicola Amanda Conran Zorzetto
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/14594-0 - TGF-beta action on leukocyte polarization in sickle cell anemia
Grantee:Lidiane de Souza Torres
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate