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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

On the link between soil hydromorphy and geomorphological development in the Cerrado (Brazil) wetlands

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Author(s):
Rosolen, Vania [1] ; Bueno, Guilherme Taitson [2] ; Mutema, Macdex [3] ; Moreira, Cesar Augusto [4] ; Faria Junior, Ilio Rodarte [2] ; Nogueira, Graziele [5] ; Chaplot, Vincent [6]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, DPM, Av 24A, 1515 Bela Vista, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Goias, IESA, BR-74001970 Goiania, Go - Brazil
[3] Agr Res Council Agr Engn, PB X519, ZA-0127 Pretoria - South Africa
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, DGA, Av 24A, 1515 Bela Vista, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[5] Pontificia Univ Catolica MG, Av Itau 505, BR-30535012 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[6] IRD CNRS UPMC MNHN, LOCEAN, UMR 7159, Paris - France
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: CATENA; v. 176, p. 197-208, MAY 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Mound fields (MF), which consist of numerous isolated mounds, are characteristic of the Cerrado wetlands of Brazil. While there are numerous studies on soil redistribution by termites and by differential particulate erosion, a new hypothesis, supported by metal accumulation in these areas, needs to be tested. This study aimed to investigate the extent to which soil saturation by water, and the associated chemical erosion, might be a key driver of the geomorphological development of the Cerrado wetlands. The study was performed in a typical wetland of Minas Gerais that shows a typical succession from well drained Ferralsols on the plateau to Gleysols on the lowland and the presence of MF at the transition. Soil morphological description was used together with optical microscopy, X-ray fluorescence and physical analyses (grain size and bulk density) to discriminate between the biological (bioturbation) and geochemical origins. Additionally, geochemical mass balance was calculated to estimate the total amount of chemical erosion that had occurred in the area. The morphological observations and the results on soil texture did not point to material redistribution in the MF. In contrast, the results showed that iron-depleted aggregates in depressed zones were sensitive to collapse. Soil saturation by water as the main cause of geochemical erosion and geomorphologic development was confirmed by mass balance calculation. The results fill an important information gap on the formation and evolution of cerrado soil landscapes, which have important consequences for biodiversity and water conservation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/01131-4 - Dynamics of the system oxisol-gleysol and its relationships with aluminous refractory clay in the Western of Minas Gerais State
Grantee:Vania Silvia Rosolen
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/14168-1 - Soil-landscape, caracterization of the phases organo-metallic and prospection of refractory clay in the Ferralsol-Gleysol cover (Western of Minas Gerais State)
Grantee:Vania Silvia Rosolen
Support type: Regular Research Grants