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Jean-Luc Godard in Brazil: from reception to interdiction (1961-1970)

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Luiz Octavio Gracini Ancona
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Francisco Cabral Alambert Junior; Marcos Francisco Napolitano de Eugênio; Adilson Inacio Mendes; Mateus Araújo Silva
Advisor: Francisco Cabral Alambert Junior

In the Brazilian literature, Jean-Luc Godard appears prominently in researches on modern Brazilian cinema and on the history of cinematographic censorship in the country. The Franco-Swiss director is described as a fundamental reference for some modern Brazilian filmmakers; as a guiding force on the debates held within our critique; and as an object of special attention by the censors of the military dictatorship. From this privileged place conferred to Godard, this research historically investigated the reception and interdiction of his films, in Brazil, between 1961 and 1970. First (Chapters 1 to 3), we analyze the aesthetic and political debates raised in criticism of Godard\'s films in three major newspapers of the given period (Correio da manhã, Jornal do Brasil and O Estado de S. Paulo). Then (Chapter 4), we identify the appropriations of the Godardian word made by the critical-filmmakers Glauber Rocha and Rogério Sganzerla. Finally (Chapter 5), we approach the censorship documentation relating to the director\'s films. Our findings showed the important role Godard played in the conformation of modern Brazilian cinema, as well as the impact that his work exerted, culturally and politically, in the country. As we will show, the socio-cultural context of the time modernist, leftist and youthful favored the filmmakers reception in Brazil. At the same time as it was read in the light of such a conjuncture, Godard\'s work acted as a catalyst for it, stimulating new projects and debates within. The filmmaker was instrumented by avant-garde projects in the cinema and in other arts, and then stimulated the politicization of the left and dialogued with the yearnings of a young and libertarian culture in expansion. We also found evidence of the special attention that Godard received from the censors of the Brazilian military dictatorship. Opposed to the referred conjuncture, the dictatorship saw in the filmmaker a danger to be fought, since his films were against the two basic pillars of the regime: anticommunism and conservative morality. As we will show, he received such special attention mainly in the 1970s, but it had its roots in 1968 when two of Godard\'s films were banned and an extremely negative image of the filmmaker was consolidated by the censorship. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/19451-0 - Jean-Luc Godard in Brazil: from reception to prohibition (1961-1970)
Grantee:Luiz Octavio Gracini Ancona
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master