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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Experimental Conditions for the Stabilization of the Lyotropic Biaxial Nematic Mesophase

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Akpinar, Erol [1] ; Figueiredo Neto, Antonio Martins [2]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Abant Izzet Baysal Univ, Fac Arts & Sci, Dept Chem, TR-14030 Golkoy, Bolu - Turkey
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, Rua Matao 1371, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Review article
Source: CRYSTALS; v. 9, n. 3 MAR 19 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Nematic phases are some of the most common phases among the lyotropic liquid crystalline structures. They have been widely investigated during last decades. In early studies, two uniaxial nematic phases (discotic, N-D, and calamitic, N-C) were identified. After the discovery of the third one, named biaxial nematic phase (N-B) in 1980, however, some controversies in the stability of biaxial nematic phases began and still continue in the literature. From the theoretical point of view, the existence of a biaxial nematic phase is well established. This review aims to bring information about the historical development of those phases considering the early studies and then summarize the recent studies on how to stabilize different nematic phases from the experimental conditions, especially, choosing the suitable constituents of lyotropic mixtures. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/24531-3 - Structural and biophysics properties of native and modified lipoproteins
Grantee:Antonio Martins Figueiredo Neto
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/50983-3 - INCT 2014: complex fluids
Grantee:Antonio Martins Figueiredo Neto
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants