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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Soybean irrigation requirements and canopy-atmosphere coupling in Southern Brazil

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da Silva, Evandro H. F. M. [1] ; Goncalves, Alexandre O. [1, 2] ; Pereira, Rodolfo A. [1] ; Fattori Junior, Izael M. [1] ; Sobenko, Luiz R. [1] ; Marin, Fabio R. [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Coll Agr Luiz de Queiroz ESALQ, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Embrapa Soils, Rio De Janeiro, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Agricultural Water Management; v. 218, p. 1-7, JUN 1 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The lack of base information on crop water requirements under tropical conditions is one of the causes for inefficient water use and inadequate irrigation management. The crop coefficient (Kc) approach is universally adopted for scheduling and quantifying the water management and, recently, its relation with the evaporative atmosphere demand has been included in this approach to improve the decision-making on irrigation management. In this paper, we measured crop evapotranspiration (ETc) in two experiments as evaporative heat flux from a centre pivot-irrigated soybean plantations in tropical Brazil to quantify the crop water needs. Irrigation requirements were determined by comparing ETc with reference evapotranspiration (ETo), derived from FAO-56 (Allen et al., 1998). In this study, the average Kc value obtained was 0.92, which is nearly 20% lower than those recommended by the FAO-56 (Allen et al., 1998) and varied inversely as a function of ETo. Based on aerodynamic and leaf diffusive resistance (r(s)) data, Omega was computed and presented values relatively high compared to other crops, which means a relatively poor coupling of soybean canopies to the atmosphere. Throughout both experiments, the Kc value decreased by up to 44.8% when the ETo increased from 2 to 4 mm d(-1), depending on the phenological phase, indicating the need for taking into account the ETo values when selection the Kc values for improving the irrigation management in tropical soybean. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/20925-0 - Brazilian yield-gap atlas: assessing the potential for sustainable intensification of Brazilian agriculture
Grantee:Fabio Ricardo Marin
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/23468-9 - Quantification of the potential of sustainable intensification of Brazilian soybeans: potential productivity and efficiency of agricultural production
Grantee:Evandro Henrique Figueiredo Moura da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/25702-3 - Simulation of future agricultural scenarios for the soybean crop in Brazil based on climate change projections
Grantee:Evandro Henrique Figueiredo Moura da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master