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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Coconut shell activated carbon as an alternative adsorbent of inhibitors from lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment

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Freitas, Juliana V. [1, 2] ; Nogueira, Francisco G. E. [1] ; Farinas, Cristiane S. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Grad Program Chem Engn, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Embrapa Instrumentat, Rua 15 Novembro 1452, BR-13561206 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS; v. 137, p. 16-23, OCT 1 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

The phenolic compounds and furaldehydes released during the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass can negatively affect the enzymatic hydrolysis and alcoholic fermentation steps in biorefineries. This work proposes the use of coconut shell activated carbon (CSAC) as an agroindustrial residue-based adsorbent for the removal of the main inhibitors released in the hydrothermal pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse. The prepared CSAC showed a pore distribution favorable for the adsorption of molecules of different sizes, together with a negative surface charge profile in the pH range from 2 to 10. Adsorption isotherms showed that the CSAC presented high affinity for the phenolic compounds vanillin (monomeric) and tannic acid (oligomeric), as well as for the total phenolics present in an inhibitor cocktail. The CSAC also showed efficient adsorption of the phenolic compounds from the pretreatment liquor, without any removal of the sugars, hence displaying a useful high degree of selectivity. The enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated sugarcane bagasse in the presence of the liquor treated with 2% (m/v) CSAC resulted in a 30% increase in the amount of glucose released, while the alcoholic fermentation efficiency was enhanced up to 14-fold, with complete removal of furaldehydes. These findings indicated that CSAC is an efficient and selective adsorbent of phenolic and furaldehyde inhibitors. It represents an alternative renewable material that could be used to improve the efficiencies of both the enzymatic hydrolysis and the alcoholic fermentation processes in future biorefineries. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/10636-8 - From the cell factory to the Biodiesel-Bioethanol integrated biorefinery: a systems approach applied to complex problems in micro and macroscales
Grantee:Roberto de Campos Giordano
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/19000-3 - Simplification of the biomass to ethanol conversion process by integration with the production of enzymes in-house
Grantee:Cristiane Sanchez Farinas
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants