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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A comparison between phase diagram modelling of metamafic rocks and experimental and independent thermobarometric data

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Author(s):
Santos, Caio Arthur [1] ; Moraes, Renato [2] ; Szabo, Gergely A. J. [2]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geosci, Rua Lago 562, BR-05508080 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geosci, Dept Mineral & Geotecton, Rua Lago 562, BR-05508080 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: LITHOS; v. 340, p. 108-123, SEP 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The use of equilibrium phase diagrams such as pseudosections has become widespread in recent years, but few studies tested the phase relations predicted by these models. This work aims at comparing predicted phase relations with mineral assemblages observed in experimental products and in natural samples, in this latter case using as reference metamorphic conditions pressures and temperatures determined for metapelites metamorphosed under the same conditions as the mafic rocks. Pseudosections were calculated with THERMOCALC for six mafic bulk-rock compositions, in the range 425-700 degrees C and 2-8 kbar. The resulting diagrams can be divided into two groups: one in which a classic sequence of mineral assemblages occur and another where quartz is unstable and diopside is stable throughout. The results compare well to the independent data in three of the six studied cases. The main inconsistencies found in the pseudosections are underestimation of the stability field of garnet and overestimation of the stability fields of diopside and hornblende, which is at odds not only with data specific to the rocks studied here, but with the literature on metamafic rocks in general. In the case of garnet, the most likely case of discrepancy is the absence of Mn in the activity-composition models available. On the other hand, the issue with diopside and hornblende is much harder to evaluate, as it may be related to any of the activity-composition models, or to relationships between two or more of them. Nonetheless, we can affirm that the overestimation of the diopside stability field is related to SiO2 content, although there are other factors that influence it. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/22627-3 - Metamorphism and partial melting in ancient orogens II
Grantee:Renato de Moraes
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/04007-0 - Metamorphism and partial melting in ancient orogens
Grantee:Renato de Moraes
Support type: Regular Research Grants