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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Prognostic value of energy expenditure and respiratory quotient measuring in patients with liver cirrhosis

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Author(s):
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Belarmino, G. [1] ; Singer, P. [2, 3, 4] ; Gonzalez, M. C. [5, 6] ; Machado, N. M. [1] ; Cardinelli, C. S. [1] ; Barcelos, S. [1] ; Andraus, W. [1] ; D'Albuquerque, L. A. C. [1] ; Damiani, L. [7] ; Costa, A. C. [1] ; Pereira, R. M. R. [8] ; Heymsfield, S. B. [6] ; Sala, P. [1] ; Torrinhas, R. S. M. [1] ; Waitzberg, D. L. [1]
Total Authors: 15
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Gastroenterol, Div Surg, LIM 35, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Tel Aviv Univ, Sackler Sch Med, Tel Aviv - Israel
[3] Beilinson Med Ctr, Rabin Med Ctr, Dept Gen Intens Care, Petah Tiqwa - Israel
[4] Beilinson Med Ctr, Rabin Med Ctr, Inst Nutr Res, Petah Tiqwa - Israel
[5] Univ Catolica Pelotas, Postgrad Program Hlth & Behav, Pelotas, RS - Brazil
[6] Pennington Biomed Res Ctr, Body Composit Metab Lab, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 - USA
[7] Hosp Coracao Sao Paulo, Inst Pesquisa, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[8] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Div Rheumatol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: Clinical Nutrition; v. 38, n. 4, p. 1899-1904, AUG 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Background \& aims: Resting energy expenditure (REE) and respiratory quotient (RQ) as measured by indirect calorimetry (IC) may correlate with muscle mass and represent prognostic indicators in treating patients with liver cirrhosis. We aimed to assess the correlation of IC-measured REE and RQ with skeletal muscle mass (SM), mortality, and REE values as estimated by Harris-Benedict, European guidelines (EG), and Brazilian guidelines-DITEN (BG) equations in patients with liver cirrhosis. Methods: In this prospectively designed study, REE was measured in 126 male patients with liver cirrhosis by IC and predicted by Harris-Benedict, EG (35 kcal/kg current weight), and BG (30 kcal/kg current weight) guidelines. Measurements were obtained at the time of admission to the study. Body composition was determined by whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The association between REE and 3-year survival was investigated. Results: Cirrhosis etiology was classified as alcohol related (59.0%), viral (20.1%), cryptogenic (11.8%), or other (9.0%). Mean Child-Pugh and MELD indexes were 8.30 +/- 2.0 and 14.38 +/- 6.12, respectively. RQ showed a moderate correlation with SM (r = 0.64), while IC-measured REE was inversely associated with mortality (multivariate Cox Regression, HR = 0.88, 95% CI: 0.78; 1, p = 0.04). Among the predictive equations for REE, only Harris-Benedict yielded values close to the IC, with a positive Pearson correlation (r = 0.77), excellent accuracy (Cb = 0.98), and positive Lin's concordance correlation (CCC = 0.75). However, a large standard deviation was observed; HB-measured REE did not correlate with mortality. Conclusions: RQ and REE, as measured by IC, may be valuable tools for evaluating the severity of cirrhosis, by reflecting SM and predicting mortality, respectively. The predictive equations for REE included in this study cannot replace IC for this purpose. Registered at: www.clinicalTrials.gov (NCT02421848). (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/13243-3 - Development of bioelectrical impedance analysis prediction equations for body composition with the use of a multicomponent model in cirrhotic patients
Grantee:Dan Linetzky Waitzberg
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/15677-3 - Development of bioelectrical impedance analysis prediction equations for body composition with the use of a multicomponent model in cirrhotic patients
Grantee:Giliane Belarmino
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)