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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Formation of stable strontium-rich amorphous calcium phosphate: Possible effects on bone mineral

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Tovani, Camila Bussola [1, 2] ; Gloter, Alexandre [3] ; Azais, Thierry [2] ; Selmane, Mohamed [4] ; Ramos, Ana P. [1] ; Nassif, Nadine [2]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Dept Quim, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Sorbonne Univ, Coll France, CNRS, Lab Chim Matiere Condensee Paris, 4 Pl Jussieu, F-75005 Paris - France
[3] Univ Paris Sud, CNRS UMR 8502, Lab Phys Solides, F-91405 Orsay - France
[4] Univ Paris 06, IMPC, Coll France, 11 Pl Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris - France
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Acta Biomaterialia; v. 92, p. 315-324, JUL 1 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Bone, tooth enamel, and dentin accumulate Sr2+, a natural trace element in the human body. Sr2+ comes from dietary and environmental sources and is thought to play a key role in osteoporosis treatments. However, the underlying impacts of Sr2+ on bone mineralization remain unclear and the use of synthetic apatites (which are structurally different from bone mineral) and non-physiological conditions have led to contradictory results. Here, we report on the formation of a new Sr2+-rich and stable amorphous calcium phosphate phase, Sr(ACP). Relying on a bioinspired pathway, a series of Sr2+ substituted hydroxyapatite (HA) that combines the major bone mineral features is depicted as model to investigate how this phase forms and Sr2+ affects bone. In addition, by means of a comprehensive investigation the biomineralization pathway of Sr2+ bearing HA is described showing that not more than 10 at% of Sr2+, i.e. a physiological limit incorporated in bone, can be incorporated into HA without phase segregation. A combination of 311, and 1H solid state NMR, energy electron loss spectromicroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, electron diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy shows that Sr2+ introduces disorder in the HA culminating with the unexpected Sr(ACP), which co-exists with the HA under physiological conditions. These results suggest that heterogeneous Sr2+ distribution in bone is associated with regions of low structural organization. Going further, such observations give clues from the physicochemical standpoint to understand the defects in bone formation induced by high Sr2+ doses. Statement of Significance Understanding the role played by Sr2+ has a relevant impact in physiological biomineralization and provides insights for its use as osteoporosis treatments. Previous studies inspired by the bone remodelling pathway led to the formation of biomimetic HA in terms of composition, structures and properties in water. Herein, by investigating different atomic percentage of Sr2+ related to Ca2+ in the synthesis, we demonstrate that 10% of Sr2+ is the critical loads into the biomimetic HA phase: similarly to bone. Unexpectedly, using higher amount leads to the formation of a stable Sr2+-rich amorphous calcium phosphate phase that may high-dose related pathologies. Our results provide further understanding of the different ways Sr2+ impacts bone. (C) 2019 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/08892-9 - Bioactive surfaces designed from Langmuir-Blodgett Films and Biominerals
Grantee:Ana Paula Ramos
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/24827-2 - Exploring the synergistic effect between collagen and Sr2+ in bone mineralization
Grantee:Camila Bussola Tovani
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 14/24249-0 - Association of osteogenic proteins in biominerals and metallic oxides doped with rare-earth: interaction with membrane models systems
Grantee:Camila Bussola Tovani
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)