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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Use of antibiotics to control endophytic bacterial growth migration onto culture medium in Eucalyptus cloeziana F.Muell.: a micropropagation approach

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Leone, Gabriela Ferraz [1] ; Maia Andrade, Pedro Avelino [2] ; de Almeida, Carolina Vieira [3] ; de Almeida, Cristina Vieira [4] ; Andreote, Fernando Dini [2] ; de Almeida, Marcilio [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr ESALQ, Dept Biol Sci, Ave Padua Dias 11, POB 9, BR-13418900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr ESALQ, Dept Soil Sci, Ave Padua Dias 11, POB 9, BR-13418900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Firenze, Dipartimento Med Sperimentale & Clin, Viale Pieraccini 6, I-50139 Florence - Italy
[4] InVitroPalm Consulting Study & Biol Dev Ltda, Rua Itajobi 421, BR-13432566 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: IN VITRO CELLULAR & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY-PLANT; v. 55, n. 4, p. 421-432, AUG 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The natural endophytic bacterial growth migration onto a culture medium is commonly associated with unnecessary microplant discards. In micropropagation procedures, some bacteria can exude from the internal tissues of plants to colonize the culture medium and compete with the plants for nutrients, which may lead to a reduction in plant development. To find an efficient antibiotic protocol to control this bacterial growth migration onto the culture medium without affecting plant development, Eucalyptus cloeziana F.Muell. microstumps were subjected to four antibiotic treatments for 30 d. They were treated with gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, rifampicin, or Timentin (R), in addition to the control treatment (antibiotic free). The effects of the antibiotics were monitored weekly, and the endophytic bacterial community structures were evaluated in two periods of plant development (15 d and 30 d).The denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) technique was used to compare the control and post-antibiotic treatment plant microbiological composition, to determine if the antibiotic treatment played a specific role on the endophytic bacterial community structure. The gentamicin treatment was composed of a distinct community from the control treatment. Nonetheless, the plants treated with ciprofloxacin and rifampicin manifested similar endophytic community structures compared to the control. In contrast, plants treated with Timentin (R) showed a specific bacterial community composition and a higher plant dry mass, number of shoots, and nutritional content. These results suggested that Timentin (R) treatment could be applied for 30 days to control endophytic bacterial growth migration onto the culture medium, without affecting the homeostatic balance between the bacteria and plants. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/15861-6 - Establishment of a protocol to control expression of endophytic bacteria in the process of in vitro multiplication of eucalyptus
Grantee:Gabriela Ferraz Leone
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master