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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Faint solar analogues at the limit of no reddening Precise atmospheric parameters from moderate low-resolution spectra

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Giribaldi, R. E. [1, 2] ; de Mello, G. F. Porto [1] ; Lorenzo-Oliveira, D. [3] ; Amores, E. B. [4] ; Ubaldo-Melo, M. L. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Observ Valongo, Karl Schwarzchild Str 2, BR-20080090 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[2] ESO, Karl Schwarzchild Str 2, D-85748 Garching - Germany
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Astron, IAG, Rua Matao 1226, Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Feira De Santana, Dept Fis, Av Transnordestina S-N, BR-44036900 Feira De Santana, BA - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Astronomy & Astrophysics; v. 629, SEP 2 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Context. The flux distribution of solar analogues is required for calculating the spectral albedo of solar system bodies such as asteroids and trans-Neptunian objects. Ideally a solar analogue should be comparatively faint as the target of interest, but very few analogues fainter than V = 9 mag have been identified so far. Only atmospheric parameters equal to solar guarantee a flux distribution equal to solar as well, while only photometric colours equal to solar do not. Reddening is also a factor to consider when selecting faint analogue candidates. Aims. Our aim is to implement the methodology for identifying faint analogues at the limit of precision allowed by the current spectroscopic surveys. We quantify the precision attainable for the atmospheric parameters of effective temperature (T-eff), metallicity ({[}Fe/H]), and surface gravity (log g) when derived from moderately low-resolution (R = 8000) spectra with S/N similar to 100. We estimate the significance of reddening at 100-300 pc from the Sun. Methods. We used the less precise photometry in the HIPPARCOS catalogue to select potential analogues with V similar to 10.5 mag (located at similar to 135 pc). We calibrated T-eff and {[}Fe/H] as functions of equivalent widths of spectral indices by means of the principal component analysis regression. We derived log g, mass, radius, and age from the atmospheric parameters, Gaia parallaxes, and evolutionary tracks. We evaluated the presence of reddening for the candidates by underestimations of photometric T-eff with respect to those derived by spectral indices. These determinations were validated with extinction maps. Results. We obtained the atmospheric parameters T-eff, {[}Fe/H], and log g with precision of 97 K, 0.06 dex, 0.05 dex, respectively. From 21 candidates analysed, we identify five solar analogues: HIP 991, HIP 5811, and HIP 69477 have solar parameters within 1 sigma errors, and HIP 55619 and HIP 61835 within 2 sigma errors. Six other stars have T-eff close to solar, but slightly lower {[}Fe/H]. Our analogues show no evidence of reddening except for four stars, that present E(B-V) >= 0.06 mag, translating to at least a 200 K decrease in photometric T-eff. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/20667-8 - Stellar chronometers: the relation between age, chromospheric activity, rotation and lithium abundances in solar-type stars
Grantee:Diego Lorenzo de Oliveira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate