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High precision spectroscopy: from the first stars to planets

Grant number: 18/04055-8
Support Opportunities:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: December 01, 2018 - November 30, 2025
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Astronomy - Stellar Astrophysics
Principal Investigator:Jorge Luis Melendez Moreno
Grantee:Jorge Luis Melendez Moreno
Host Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Adriana Benetti Marques Valio ; Alex Cavaliéri Carciofi
Associated researchers: Andrea Paola Buccino ; Diego Lorenzo de Oliveira ; Diogo Martins Souto ; Gustavo Andres Guerrero Eraso ; Luan Ghezzi Ferreira Pinho ; Marcelo Tucci Maia ; Rodrigo Fernando Díaz ; Sydney Agnello Barnes
Associated scholarship(s):24/04886-8 - Stellar ages for the Habitable Worlds Observatory, BP.IC
23/12720-0 - Studying Be disk dynamics using Polarimetry and Spectroscopy: the case of alpha Eri, BP.IC
23/07617-5 - Lithium and beryllium in solar-type stars, BP.DD
+ associated scholarships 23/12082-3 - Atmosphere of Mars: investigation about atmospheric mass loss by photoevaporation and the interaction with the solar wind, BP.IC
22/10325-3 - Precision Spectroscopy of Solar Type Stars, BP.PD
22/12024-0 - Stellar activity from spot planetary transit modeling, BP.PD
22/05833-0 - Planetary chemical signatures in the spectrum of solar twin stars, BP.MS
21/14897-9 - Exoplanets atmospheres: the impact of stellar activity on the transmission spectra, BP.DR
21/01891-2 - 3-D hydrodynamic simulations coupled with radiative transfer, BP.DD
21/02169-9 - Spectroscopic analysis of solar type stars, BP.IC
20/15789-2 - Lithium depletion in low-mass stars, BP.IC
20/15801-2 - Changes in the chemical composition of stars due to atomic diffusion, BP.IC
21/01303-3 - Modeling spectroscopic signatures of stellar activity, BP.DD
20/12679-1 - Lithium in metal rich stars, BP.IC
20/08098-3 - Stellar activity and its effects on planetary transits, BP.IC
20/04445-0 - Dynamic contextualization of a be star sample observed by tess using spectroscopic analysis, BP.IC
19/20319-8 - Modeling spectroscopic signatures of stellar activity, BP.PD
19/19208-7 - A new sample for the search of habitable planets, BP.IC
19/09249-8 - Exoplanet detection, BP.IC
19/02746-6 - Spectroscopic signatures of stellar activity, BP.IC
17/23731-1 - Analysis and Modeling of a Large Sample of Galactic Be Stars, BP.PD
16/20667-8 - Stellar chronometers: the relation between age, chromospheric activity, rotation and lithium abundances in solar-type stars, BP.PD - associated scholarships

Abstract

This 5-year project intends to apply high precision spectroscopy to study important problems in exoplanet science, stellar astrophysics and the Galaxy. Stars will be characterized using the line-by-line differential technique, in order to obtain precise chemical abundances with small errors of 0.01 - 0.02 in solar-metallicity stellar twins, or about 0.03 - 0.05 dex in metal-poor stars. Furthermore, our technique will provide high precision stellar parameters, which are important for the determination of precise differential masses and ages. Our high precision chemical abundances will be useful to study how the chemical elements evolved from a purely primordial Big Bang composition to a metal-enriched Milky Way populated with planets like our own. We will also search for exoplanets using ultra-precise radial velocities (20 cm s-1 to 1 m s-1), with existing facilities and also new spectrographs such as SORCERESS, for which we are requesting partial funding. We will make important efforts to model stellar activity, both to understand how magnetic activity evolves in stars, but also because the stellar activity "noise" limits our ability to detect small planets. The precise parameters and chemical composition of stellar twins and binaries will be key to study in detail the connection between stars and planet formation and evolution. Finally, we will study how the stellar composition is related to the composition of exoplanet atmospheres, by characterizing stars with transiting planets and also studying their planetary atmospheres using ground-based and future space-based missions. (AU)

Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Magazine about the research grant:
Devoradoras de mundos 
Devourers of worlds 
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VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)
VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)

Scientific publications (34)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SPINA, LORENZO; SHARMA, PARTH; MELENDEZ, JORGE; BEDELL, MEGAN; CASEY, ANDREW R.; CARLOS, MARILIA; FRANCIOSINI, ELENA; VALLENARI, ANTONELLA. Chemical evidence for planetary ingestion in a quarter of Sun-like stars. NATURE ASTRONOMY, v. 5, n. 11, . (18/04055-8)
GRATTON, R.; D'ORAZI, V; PACHECO, T. A.; ZURLO, A.; DESIDERA, S.; MELENDEZ, J.; MESA, D.; CLAUDI, R.; JANSON, M.; LANGLOIS, M.; et al. Investigating three Sirius-like systems with SPHERE. Astronomy & Astrophysics, v. 646, . (18/04055-8)
GHOREYSHI, MOHAMMAD R.; CARCIOFI, ALEX C.; JONES, CAROL E.; FAES, DANIEL M.; BAADE, DIETRICH; RIVINIUS, THOMAS. A Multi-Observing Technique Study of the Dynamical Evolution of the Viscous Disk around the Be Star omega CMa. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v. 909, n. 2, . (09/54006-4, 18/04055-8)
REGGIANI, HENRIQUE; AMARSI, ANISH M.; LIND, KARIN; BARKLEM, PAUL S.; ZATSARINNY, OLEG; BARTSCHAT, KLAUS; FURSA, V, DMITRY; BRAY, IGOR; SPINA, LORENZO; MELENDEZ, JORGE. Non-LTE analysis of K I in late-type stars. Astronomy & Astrophysics, v. 627, . (14/18100-4, 18/04055-8)
LIU, F.; ASPLUND, M.; YONG, D.; FELTZING, S.; DOTTER, A.; MELENDEZ, J.; RAMIREZ, I.. Chemical (in)homogeneity and atomic diffusion in the open cluster M67. Astronomy & Astrophysics, v. 627, . (18/04055-8)
GALARZA, JHON YANA; MELENDEZ, JORGE; LORENZO-OLIVEIRA, DIEGO; VALIO, ADRIANA; REGGIANI, HENRIQUE; CARLOS, MARILIA; PONTE, GEISA; SPINA, LORENZO; HAYWOOD, RAPHAELLE D.; GANDOLFI, DAVIDE. The effect of stellar activity on the spectroscopic stellar parameters of the young solar twin HIP 36515. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 490, n. 1, p. L86-L90, . (16/20667-8, 18/04055-8)
NETTO, YURI; LORENZO-OLIVEIRA, DIEGO; MELENDEZ, JORGE; YANA GALARZA, JHON; HAYWOOD, RAPHAELLE D.; SPINA, LORENZO; DOS SANTOS, LEONARDO A.. Radial-velocity Precision of ESPRESSO Through the Analysis of the Solar Twin HIP 11915. ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL, v. 162, n. 4, . (18/04055-8, 19/20319-8, 16/20667-8)
MARR, K. C.; JONES, C. E.; TYCNER, C.; CARCIOFI, A. C.; SILVA, A. C. FONSECA. The Role of Disk Tearing and Precession in the Observed Variability of Pleione. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v. 928, n. 2, p. 15-pg., . (09/54006-4, 18/04055-8, 19/13354-1)
RICHARDSON, NOEL D.; THIZY, OLIVIER; BJORKMAN, JON E.; CARCIOFI, ALEX; RUBIO, AMANDA C.; THOMAS, JOSHUA D.; BJORKMAN, KAREN S.; LABADIE-BARTZ, JONATHAN; GENARO, MATHEUS; WISNIEWSKI, JOHN P.; et al. utbursts and stellar properties of the classical Be star HD 622. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 508, n. 2, p. 2002-2018, . (18/05326-5, 09/54006-4, 18/13285-7, 18/04055-8, 17/08001-7)
LABADIE-BARTZ, JONATHAN; CARCIOFI, ALEX C.; DE AMORIM, TAJAN HENRIQUE; RUBIO, AMANDA; FIGUEIREDO, ANDRE LUIZ; DOS SANTOS, PEDRO TICIANI; THOMSON-PARESSANT, KEEGAN. Classifying Be Star Variability With TESS. I. The Southern Ecliptic. ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL, v. 163, n. 5, p. 36-pg., . (18/04055-8, 18/26380-8, 17/23731-1, 20/04445-0, 19/13354-1)
KLEMENT, ROBERT; BAADE, DIETRICH; RIVINIUS, THOMAS; GIES, DOUGLAS R.; WANG, LUQIAN; LABADIE-BARTZ, JONATHAN; DOS SANTOS, PEDRO TICIANI; MONNIER, JOHN D.; CARCIOFI, ALEX C.; MERAND, ANTOINE; et al. Dynamical Masses of the Primary Be Star and Secondary sdB Star in the Single-lined Binary kappa Dra (B6 IIIe). ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v. 940, n. 1, p. 14-pg., . (18/04055-8, 19/13354-1)
TUCCI MAIA, M.; MELENDEZ, J.; LORENZO-OLIVEIRA, D.; SPINA, L.; JOFRE, P.. Revisiting the 16 Cygni planet host at unprecedented precision and exploring automated tools for precise abundances. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, v. 628, p. 11-pg., . (18/04055-8, 16/20667-8, 14/15706-9)
CARLOS, M.; MELENDEZ, J.; SPINA, L.; DOS SANTOS, L. A.; BEDELL, M.; RAMIREZ, I.; ASPLUND, M.; BEAN, J. L.; YONG, D.; YANA GALARZA, J.; et al. The Li-age correlation: the Sun is unusually Li deficient for its age. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 485, n. 3, p. 4052-4059, . (14/18100-4, 18/04055-8)
LIU, F.; YONG, D.; ASPLUND, M.; WANG, H. S.; SPINA, L.; ACUNA, L.; MELENDEZ, J.; RAMIREZ, I.. Detailed chemical compositions of planet-hosting stars - I. Exploration of possible planet signatures. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 495, n. 4, p. 3961-3973, . (18/04055-8)
SPINA, LORENZO; NORDLANDER, THOMAS; CASEY, ANDREW R.; BEDELL, MEGAN; D'ORAZI, VALENTINA; MELENDEZ, JORGE; KARAKAS, I, AMANDA; DESIDERA, SILVANO; BARATELLA, MARTINA; YANA GALARZA, JHON J.; et al. How Magnetic Activity Alters What We Learn from Stellar Spectra. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v. 895, n. 1, . (18/04055-8)
LORENZO-OLIVEIRA, DIEGO; MELENDEZ, JORGE; PONTE, GEISA; GALARZA, JHON YANA. The ancient main-sequence solar proxy HIP 102152 unveils the activity and rotational fate of our Sun. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 495, n. 1, p. L61-L65, . (16/20667-8, 18/04055-8)
DOS SANTOS, LEONARDO A.; EHRENREICH, DAVID; BOURRIER, VINCENT; ALLART, ROMAIN; KING, GEORGE; LENDL, MONIKA; LOVIS, CHRISTOPHE; MARGHEIM, STEVE; MELENDEZ, JORGE; SEIDEL, JULIA V.; et al. Search for helium in the upper atmosphere of the hot Jupiter WASP-127 b using Gemini/Phoenix. Astronomy & Astrophysics, v. 640, . (18/04055-8)
LABADIE-BARTZ, JONATHAN; BAADE, DIETRICH; CARCIOFI, ALEX C.; RUBIO, AMANDA; RIVINIUS, THOMAS; BORRE, CAMILLA C.; MARTAYAN, CHRISTOPHE; SIVERD, ROBERT J.. Short-term variability and mass loss in Be stars - VI. Frequency groups in gamma Cas detected by TESS. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 502, n. 1, p. 242-259, . (17/23731-1, 18/04055-8)
KLEMENT, ROBERT; SCHAEFER, GAIL H.; GIES, DOUGLAS R.; WANG, LUQIAN; BAADE, DIETRICH; RIVINIUS, THOMAS; GALLENNE, ALEXANDRE; CARCIOFI, ALEX C.; MONNIER, JOHN D.; MERAND, ANTOINE; et al. nterferometric Detections of sdO Companions Orbiting Three Classical Be Star. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v. 926, n. 2, . (19/13354-1, 18/04055-8)
MUNOZ, M. S.; WADE, G. A.; FAES, D. M.; CARCIOFI, A. C.; LABADIE-BARTZ, J.. ntangling magnetic massive star properties with linear polarization variability and the analytic dynamical magnetosphere mode. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 511, n. 3, p. 3228-3249, . (17/23731-1, 19/13354-1, 18/04055-8)
RAMIREZ, I.; KHANAL, S.; LICHON, S. J.; CHANAME, J.; ENDL, M.; MELENDEZ, J.; LAMBERT, D. L.. The chemical composition of HIP 34407/HIP 34426 and other twin-star comoving pairs. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 490, n. 2, p. 2448-2457, . (18/04055-8)
GALARZA, JHON YANA; LOPEZ-VALDIVIA, RICARDO; MELENDEZ, JORGE; LORENZO-OLIVEIRA, DIEGO. Evidence of Rocky Planet Engulfment in the Wide Binary System HIP 71726/HIP 71737. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v. 922, n. 2, . (16/20667-8, 18/04055-8)
CARLOS, MARILIA; MELENDEZ, JORGE; DO NASCIMENTO, JR., JOSE-DIAS; CASTRO, MATTHIEU. Li abundances for solar twins in the open cluster M67. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 492, n. 1, p. 245-249, . (14/18100-4, 18/04055-8)
TUCCI MAIA, M.; MELENDEZ, J.; LORENZO-OLIVEIRA, D.; SPINA, L.; JOFRE, P.. Revisiting the 16 Cygni planet host at unprecedented precision and exploring automated tools for precise abundances. Astronomy & Astrophysics, v. 628, . (16/20667-8, 14/15706-9, 18/04055-8)
LORENZO-OLIVEIRA, DIEGO; MELENDEZ, JORGE; GALARZA, JHON YANA; PONTE, GEISA; DOS SANTOS, LEONARDO A.; SPINA, LORENZO; BEDELL, MEGAN; RAMIREZ, IVAN; BEAN, JACOB L.; ASPLUND, MARTIN. Constraining the evolution of stellar rotation using solar twins. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 485, n. 1, p. L68-L72, . (18/04055-8, 16/20667-8)
JONES, C. E.; LABADIE-BARTZ, J.; COTTON, D., V; NAZE, Y.; PETERS, G. J.; HILLIER, D. J.; NEINER, C.; RICHARDSON, N. D.; HOFFMAN, J. L.; CARCIOFI, A. C.; et al. Ultraviolet Spectropolarimetry: on the origin of rapidly rotating B stars. ASTROPHYSICS AND SPACE SCIENCE, v. 367, n. 12, p. 28-pg., . (18/04055-8, 17/23731-1, 19/13354-1)
CYR, ISABELLE H.; JONES, C. E.; CARCIOFI, A. C.; STECKEL, C.; TYCNER, C.; OKAZAKI, A. T.. Spiral density enhancements in Be binary systems. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 497, n. 3, p. 12-pg., . (18/04055-8, 09/54006-4)
MARTOS, GIULIA; MELENDEZ, JORGE; RATHSAM, ANNE; SILVA, GABRIELA CARVALHO. Metallicity and age effects on lithium depletion in solar analogues. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 522, n. 3, p. 10-pg., . (18/04055-8, 22/05833-0, 20/12679-1)
PONTE, GEISA; LORENZO-OLIVEIRA, DIEGO; MELENDEZ, JORGE; YANA GALARZA, JHON; VALIO, ADRIANA. Photometric variations from stellar activity as an age indicator for solar-twins. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 522, n. 2, p. 8-pg., . (18/04055-8, 16/20667-8)
GAN, TIANJUN; BEDELL, MEGAN; WANG, SHARON XUESONG; FOREMAN-MACKEY, DANIEL; MELENDEZ, JORGE; MAO, SHUDE; STASSUN, KEIVAN G.; HOWELL, STEVE B.; ZIEGLER, CARL; WITTENMYER, ROBERT A.; et al. HD 183579b: a warm sub-Neptune transiting a solar twin detected by TESS. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 507, n. 2, p. 2220-2240, . (18/04055-8)
BOTELHO, R. B.; MILONE, A. DE C.; MELENDEZ, J.; ALVES-BRITO, A.; SPINA, L.; BEAN, J. L.. Carbon, isotopic ratio C-12/C-13, and nitrogen in solar twins: constraints for the chemical evolution of the local disc. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 499, n. 2, p. 2196-2213, . (18/04055-8)
GALARZA, JHON YANA; LOPEZ-VALDIVIA, RICARDO; LORENZO-OLIVEIRA, DIEGO; REGGIANI, HENRIQUE; MELENDEZ, JORGE; GAMARRA-SANCHEZ, DANIEL; FLORES, MATIAS; PORTAL-RIVERA, JERRY; MIQUELARENA, PAULA; PONTE, GEISA; et al. Searching for new solar twins: The Inti survey for the Northern Sky. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 504, n. 2, p. 1873-1887, . (16/20667-8, 18/04055-8)
LIU, F.; ASPLUND, M.; YONG, D.; FELTZING, S.; DOTTER, A.; MELENDEZ, J.; RAMIREZ, I.. Chemical (in)homogeneity and atomic diffusion in the open cluster M67. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, v. 627, p. 17-pg., . (18/04055-8)
MARR, K. C.; JONES, C. E.; CARCIOFI, A. C.; RUBIO, A. C.; MOTA, B. C.; GHOREYSHI, M. R.; HATFIELD, D. W.; RIMULO, L. R.. The Be Star 66 Ophiuchi: 60 Years of Disk Evolution. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v. 912, n. 1, p. 15-pg., . (18/04055-8, 17/08001-7, 18/13285-7, 09/54006-4)

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