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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Endophytic Actinomycetes as Potential Producers of Hemicellulases and Related Enzymes for Plant Biomass Degradation

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Author(s):
Diogo Robl ; Carla Montanari Mergel ; Patricia dos Santos Costa ; José Geraldo da Cruz Pradella ; Gabriel Padilla
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology; v. 62, p. -, 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Abstract Tailor made enzymatic preparation must be design to hydrolyze efficiently plant biomass, once that each plant biomass possesses a distinct cell wall composition. Most of actinomycetes used for plant cell wall degradation are focused on the cellulases and xylanases production. However, a wide range of enzymes must be produced for an efficient degradation of lignocellulose materials. During the last decade several unusual environments were studied to obtain strains that produce glycohydrolases with innovator characteristics. In this context, the present work concerned the selection of endophytic actinomycetes as producers of hemicellulases and related enzymes with different enzymatic profiles, for use in the deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass. A total of 45 Brazilian actinomycetes previously isolated from plants (endophytics) and soil were prospected for hemicellulases and β-glucosidase production. Four strains highlighted for hemicellulase production (DR61, DR63, DR69 and DR66) and were selected for cultivation under other inductors substrates (xylan and pectin). All strains belong to Streptomyces genera and have their extracts tested for degradation of several hemicellulolytic substrates. The strains presented different glicohydrolyse enzymes profiles mainly for xylans and glucans that can be used for specific formulations of enzymes applied on the biomass deconstruction, principally on sugar cane bagasse. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/10834-0 - Hemicellulases and accessory proteins of filamentous fungi and actinomycetes for deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass
Grantee:Diogo Robl
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)