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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Ecological restoration increases conservation of taxonomic and functional beta diversity of woody plants in a tropical fragmented landscape

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Author(s):
Rother, Debora Cristina [1, 2] ; Liboni, Ana Paula [1, 2] ; Silva Magnago, Luiz Fernando [3] ; Chao, Anne [4] ; Chazdon, Robin L. [5] ; Rodrigues, Ricardo Ribeiro [2]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Vegetal, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Lab Ecol & Restauracao Florestal, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sul Bahia, Itabuna, BA - Brazil
[4] Natl Tsing Hua Univ, Inst Stat, Hsinchu 30043 - Taiwan
[5] Univ Connecticut, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Storrs, CT - USA
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT; v. 451, NOV 1 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Ecological restoration can re-establish plant species populations, enhance forested habitats extension, improve landscape connectivity, and enable biodiversity persistence within a landscape. However, the potential benefits of ecological restoration on beta diversity have never been explored. Here we use field data to investigate, for the first time, if restoration plantings enhance the taxonomic and functional plant beta diversity in a fragmented landscape of the threatened Atlantic forest. Woody species were evaluated for 320 plots established in 18 forest fragments and 14 restoration plantings within a sugarcane production landscape with low forest cover, in southeastern Brazil. Diversity metrics were assessed using the multiple incidence-data version of Hill numbers and were compared among three sets of study sites: fragments, restoration plantings and the two combined. Fragments showed higher levels of alpha diversity and proportional abundance of non-pioneer and animal-dispersed species than restoration plantings. Exotic, pioneer and non-zoochoric species were more abundant in restoration plantings, an expected result considering sites still be in the early or mid-successional stages of development. Taxonomic and functional beta diversity of trees was greatest when both areas were combined. For regenerating plants, however, beta diversity results varied according to species incidence-based frequencies. Although restoration plantings do not result in full recovery of alpha diversity, they can all together complement diversity of forest fragments at the landscape level. The findings indicate two key ecological implications for biodiversity conservation: the critical importance of forest fragments as biodiversity repositories and the positive effect of restoration efforts on landscape-scale diversity in degraded regions. These novel results highlight the importance of species selection for restoration initiatives toward species and functional attributes recognized as significantly reduced or locally rare. Overall, forest fragments and restoration plantings can act synergistically to promote recovery of plant diversity in heavily deforested agricultural landscapes. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/50718-5 - Ecological restoration of riparian forests, native forest of economic production and of degraded forest fragments (in APP and RL) based on restoration ecology of reference ecosystems in order to scientifically test the precepts of the New Brazilian Forest Code
Grantee:Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/24118-8 - The role of ecological restoration in the rescue of floristic and functional diversity and improving the structure of the regional landscape of Atlantic Forest
Grantee:Debora Cristina Rother
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate