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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Protocols using detomidine and oxytocin induce ex copula ejaculation in stallions

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Cavalero, T. M. S. [1] ; Papa, F. O. [1] ; Schmith, R. A. [1] ; Scheeren, V. F. C. [1] ; Canuto, L. E. F. [1] ; Gobato, M. L. M. [1] ; Rodrigues, L. T. [1] ; Freitas-Dell'aqua, C. P. [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Dept Anim Reprod & Vet Radiol, Fac Vet Med & Anim Sci, FMVZ, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Theriogenology; v. 140, p. 93-98, DEC 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Tricyclic antidepressives, such as imipramine, indirectly induce ejaculation by increasing the noradrenaline concentration, which triggers an alpha-adrenergic response, whereas alpha-adrenergic agonists, such as xylazine and detomidine, directly trigger ejaculation by activating the alpha-1 adrenergic receptors. Furthermore, serum oxytocin concentrations in stallions increase drastically before ejaculation, but decline immediately thereafter, implicating the role of this hormone in emission. The objectives of the present study were to: 1) compare the efficiency of various protocols for inducing ex copula ejaculation in stallions, 2) evaluate the benefits of including oxytocin in the protocols, and 3) compare the semen characteristics of ex copula versus in copula ejaculates. Nine protocols were used to induce ex copula ejaculation using various combinations of xylazine (X; 0.66 mg/kg, iv); oxytocin (0; 20 1U, iv), imipramine (I; 3 mg/kg, orally), and detomidine (D; 0.02 mg/kg, iv). Imipramine was given 2 h prior to the administration of alpha-adrenergic agonist (detomidine or xylazine) and oxytocin. If ejaculation did not occur within 10 min after treatment with an alpha-adrenergic agonist, a half-dose of the same product was injected. Twelve sexually mature stallions (6-26 y) were used; 9 of 12 stallions responded to the treatment. Two stallions responded to X or XO, four stallions responded to IX and IXO, one stallion responded to DO, and five responded to IDO. Stallions that responded to detomidine did not respond to xylazine. No stallion ejaculated in response to D, ID, or IO. Erections and masturbation occurred only in imipramine-treated stallions. Sperm quality was similar among all the protocols and was not significantly different from those in in copula ejaculates collected with an artificial vagina. In a separate trial, none of these protocols induced ex copula ejaculation in 2-3 y old stallions. The side effects included sialorrhea after imipramine administration in all the stallions and sedation after administration of xylazine or detomidine. In conclusion, the new protocol, IDO, and the traditional protocol, IX, had similar results, with IDO being a useful alternative protocol in stallions for which IX was not effective. Therefore, attempts using both the protocols are encouraged, as stallions that ejaculated upon administration of detomidine did not ejaculate when xylazine was administered, whereas those that responded to xylazine did not respond to detomidine. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/21452-5 - Use of detomidine, xylazine and oxytocin for pharmacologically-induced ex copula ejaculation in stallions
Grantee:Frederico Ozanam Papa
Support type: Regular Research Grants