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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Exposure to an Environmentally Relevant Phthalate Mixture During Prostate Development Induces MicroRNA Upregulation and Transcriptome Modulation in Rats

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Author(s):
Scarano, Wellerson R. [1, 2, 3] ; Bedrat, Amina [2, 3] ; Alonso-Costa, Luiz G. [1] ; Aquino, Ariana M. [1] ; Fantinatti, Bruno E. A. [1] ; Justulin, Luis A. [1] ; Barbisan, Luis F. [1] ; Freire, Paula P. [1] ; Flaws, Jodi A. [4] ; Lemos, Bernardo [2, 3]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Biosci, Dept Morphol, BR-18618689 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Environm Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
[3] Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Mol & Integrat Physiol Sci Program, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
[4] Univ Illinois, Dept Comparat Biosci, Champaign, IL 61801 - USA
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: TOXICOLOGICAL SCIENCES; v. 171, n. 1, p. 84-97, SEP 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Environmental exposure to phthalates during intrauterine development might increase susceptibility to neoplasms in reproductive organs such as the prostate. Although studies have suggested an increase in prostatic lesions in adult animals submitted to perinatal exposure to phthalates, the molecular pathways underlying these alterations remain unclear. Genome-wide levels of mRNAs and miRNAs were monitored with RNA-seq to determine if perinatal exposure to a phthalate mixture in pregnant rats is capable of modifying gene expression during prostate development of the filial generation. The mixture contains diethyl-phthalate, di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate, dibutyl-phthalate, di-isononyl-phthalate, di-isobutyl-phthalate, and benzylbutyl-phthalate. Pregnant females were divided into 4 groups and orally dosed daily from GD10 to PND21 with corn oil (Control: C) or the phthalate mixture at 3 doses (20 mu g/kg/day: T1; 200 mu g/kg/day: T2; 200 mg/kg/day: T3). The phthalate mixture decreased anogenital distance, prostate weight, and decreased testosterone level at the lowest exposure dose at PND22. The mixture also increased inflammatory foci and focal hyperplasia incidence at PND120. miR-184 was upregulated in all treated groups in relation to control and miR-141-3p was only upregulated at the lowest dose. In addition, 120 genes were deregulated at the lowest dose with several of these genes related to developmental, differentiation, and oncogenesis. The data indicate that phthalate exposure at lower doses can cause greater gene expression modulation as well as other downstream phenotypes than exposure at higher doses. A significant fraction of the downregulated genes were predicted to be targets of miR-141-3p and miR-184, both of which were induced at the lower exposure doses. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/22275-2 - Oncotoxicological programming by the maternal exposure to the mixture of different phthalates: integration of the miRNAs and mRNAs expression profile for the reconstruction of gene regulation networks associated with oncogenesis
Grantee:Wellerson Rodrigo Scarano
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research
FAPESP's process: 17/08306-2 - Oncotoxicological programming by the material exposure to the mixture of different fatalatos: multigenerational effect on prostate of rats and gene and epigenetic aspects related to prostate adenocarcinoma
Grantee:Wellerson Rodrigo Scarano
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/50002-3 - A collaborative study between Brazilian and US scientists: the effects of environmental chemical exposures on reproduction
Grantee:Wellerson Rodrigo Scarano
Support type: Regular Research Grants