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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Proposition of electronic waste as a reference material - part 1: sample preparation, characterization and chemometric evaluation

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Andrade, Daniel Fernandes [1] ; Machado, Raquel Cardoso [1] ; Bacchi, Marcio Arruda [2] ; Pereira-Filho, Edenir Rodrigues [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem, Grp Appl Instrumental Anal, Rod Washington Luiz, Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Nucl Energy Agr CENA, Av Centenaria 303, BR-13416000 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry; v. 34, n. 12, p. 2394-2401, DEC 1 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Electronic waste (e-waste) is attracting increasing interest in industry, politics, academic centers, and initiatives worldwide. Because of its complex composition of precious and hazardous substances, new technologies are often required to process e-waste in order to maximize resource recovery and minimize possible harm to humans and the environment. Printed circuit boards (PCBs) are present in most electronic products and currently comprise a significant fraction of e-waste. In this study, a reference material (RM) for inorganic constituents in PCB samples was prepared and leaching procedures for its characterization were developed. Full factorial design and principal component analysis (PCA) were applied to evaluate five different types of acidic solvents (aqua regia, inverted aqua regia, aqua regia 50% v/v, 7 mol L-1 HNO3 + H2O2, and 14 mol L-1 HNO3) in sample leaching by microwave radiation and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES) for the determination of Ag, Al, As, Au, Ba, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb, Sb, Si, Sn, and Zn. Diluted aqua regia provided high leaching efficiency and the best results for these elements. The optimal conditions for further experiments were fixed for 0.1 g of sample and 10 mL of acid mixture. The PCB material was also submitted to nondestructive testing by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and a paired t-test was applied to compare the results obtained by microwave radiation and INAA. A minimum mass study was carried out and 100 mg was established as the minimum sample mass for further studies in agreement with the optimal conditions fixed for the sample mass after optimization. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/01513-0 - Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) application in the analyses of electronic waste (printed circuit boards and polymers), food and difficult preparation liquid samples
Grantee:Edenir Rodrigues Pereira Filho
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/17304-0 - Proposition of methods for direct analysis of electronic waste samples: determination of precious, strategic and toxic elements in printed circuits boards and LCD screens
Grantee:Daniel Fernandes de Andrade
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate