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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Hidden in plain sight: How finding a lake in the Brazilian Pantanal improves understanding of wetland hydrogeomorphology

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Merino, Eder Renato [1] ; Assine, Mario Luis [2]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, NUPEGEL, Inst Energy & Environm, Av Prof Luciano Gualberto 1289, BR-05508010 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Inst Geosci & Exact Sci, Rio Claro - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Wetlands are permanently or seasonally flooded areas which support countless species of plants and animals. The Pantanal, in central-west Brazil is one of the largest freshwater wetlands in the world covering an area of similar to 150 000 km(2). The relationships between geomorphology, hydrology, sedimentation, and vegetation cover are critical for understanding how the landscape constrains the dynamics of wetlands. We provide a detailed study of the geomorphology and surface hydrology of the Negro River Interfan System (NRIS), in the southern Pantanal, by applying multiple approaches (i.e. remote sensing analysis, geomorphological zonation and hydrosedimentological surveys). A multitemporal analysis of Landsat imagery produced an inundation frequency map (2000-2011 period) that revealed a permanently flooded area in the central portion of the NRIS. A hidden fluvial lake was previously undetected due to the accumulation of floating mats and floating meadows of macrophytes. The Negro and Aquidauana feeder rivers exhibit remarkable differences in channel planform, water discharge, and sediment load. The Negro River presents a distributary pattern with marginal levees with decreasing elevation as it progrades into the lake and remains as a subaqueous landform conditioning the water flow downstream. The lake outflow to the Paraguay River occurs mainly by sheet flow during flood seasons and through small tributary channels during dry months. The lake's geometry is outlined by east-northeast and west-northwest straight borders, suggesting that the area is tectonically controlled. A cloud-based worldwide water surface database (1984-2015) revealed frequent channel changes within the NRIS. Recent channel avulsions in the lower course of the Negro River are noteworthy mainly because the former river channel at the confluence with the Paraguay River is no longer connected with the Negro River channel. (c) 2019 John Wiley \& Sons, Ltd. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/26318-8 - Pantanal da Nhecolândia salt and crystalline lagoons mapping by means of optical and interferometric remote sensing
Grantee:Eder Renato Merino
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/14227-5 - Climatic changes and environmental impacts in wetlands of Pantanal region (Brazil): quantification, control factors and long term temporal modeling
Grantee:Adolpho José Melfi
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/06889-2 - Paleohydrological changes, chronology of events and sediment dynamics in the quaternary of the Pantanal Wetland
Grantee:Mario Luis Assine
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Regular Grants