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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Treatment with nitrite prevents reactive oxygen species generation in the corpora cavernosa and restores intracavernosal pressure in hypertensive rats

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Gonzaga, Natalia A. [1, 2] ; do Vale, Gabriel T. [1, 2] ; da Silva, Carla B. P. [3, 2] ; Pinheiro, Lucas C. [2] ; Leite, Leticia N. [1, 2] ; Carneiro, Fernando S. [1] ; Tanus-Santos, Jose E. [1] ; Tirapelli, Carlos R. [2]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Programa Posgrad Farmacol, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Farmacol, DEPCH, Escola Enfermagem Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Programa Posgrad Toxicol, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: NITRIC OXIDE-BIOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY; v. 94, p. 19-26, JAN 1 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Hypertension is a risk factor for erectile dysfunction (ED) and both conditions are associated with oxidative stress. Given that nitrite is described to display antioxidant effects, we hypothesized that treatment with nitrite would exert antioxidant effects attenuating both reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in the corpora cavernosa (CC) and ED induced by hypertension. Two kidney, one clip (2K1C) hypertension was induced in male Wistar rats. Treatment with sodium nitrite (15 mg/kg/day, p.o., gavage) was initiated two weeks after surgery to induce hypertension and maintained for four weeks. Nitrite abrogated both the decrease in intracavernosal pressure and endothelial dysfunction of the CC induced by hypertension. Treatment with nitrite decreased hypertension-induced ROS generation in the CC assessed in situ using the fluorescent dye dihidroethidium (DHE) and with the lucigenin assay. Western immunoblotting analysis revealed that nitrite prevented the increase in Nox1 expression in the CC from 2K1C rats. Decreased concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were found in the CC from hypertensive rats and treatment with nitrite prevented this response. Treatment with nitrite increased the fluorescence of DAF-2DA in the CC from sham-operated rats and restored nitric oxide (NO) levels in the CC from 2K1C rats. In summary, we found novel evidence that nitrite reversed the decrease in intracavemosal pressure induced by 2K1C hypertension. This response was partially attributed to the antioxidant effect of nitrite that blunted ROS generation and endothelial dysfunction in the CC. In addition, nitrite-derived NO may have promoted direct protective actions against hypertension-induced CC dysfunction. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/23946-0 - Sodium nitrite and nitrate: from mechanisms to antihypertensive therapy
Grantee:Jose Eduardo Tanus dos Santos
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants