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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Heat and smoke affect the germination of flammable resprouters: Vellozia species in the Cerrado

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Author(s):
Zirondi, Heloiza Lourenco [1] ; Jose, Henrique de Pinho [1] ; Daibes, L. Felipe [1] ; Fidelis, Alessandra [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Lab Vegetat Ecol, Av 24A 1515, BR-13506900 Rio Claro - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: FOLIA GEOBOTANICA; v. 54, n. 1-2, p. 65-72, JUN 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Fire is an important ecological factor shaping plant strategies. Plants that are not able to survive fire and rely on seed reproduction may have seeds adapted for surviving heat shock or their germination may even be enhanced by heat or smoke. In order to find out whether such adaptations may be found in plants able to survive fire and resprout, we examined the germination of ten Vellozia species in response to heat shock and smoke. Seeds were collected in two community types differing in fire frequency: campos sujos (open savannas with frequent and hotter fires) and campos rupestres (montane grasslands on rocky outcrops, with less frequent and milder fires). We hypothesized that seeds of plants inhabiting campos sujos would be more tolerant to fire or will even be stimulated by heat shock or smoke in comparison with seeds of plants inhabiting campos rupestres. We confirmed our expectations only partly, as (i) seeds of all species survived heat shocks of 60 and 100 degrees C for one minute and seeds of three species survived the temperature of 200 degrees C, (ii) the smoke treatments increased germination by 20-40% in three species from both communities, and (iii) mortality after the hottest heat shock was greater in seeds of plants from campos rupestres than from campos sujos. Fire- and smoke-related germination strategies help populations of Vellozia species to cope with recurrent fires in fireprone ecosystems. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/06743-0 - How does fire season affect Cerrado vegetation?
Grantee:Alessandra Tomaselli Fidelis
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants