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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Joint association of ultra-processed food and sedentary behavior with anxiety-induced sleep disturbance among Brazilian adolescents

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Werneck, Andre O. [1] ; Vancampfort, Davy [2] ; Oyeyemi, Adewale L. [3] ; Stubbs, Brendon [4, 5] ; Silva, Danilo R. [6]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho UN, Dept Phys Educ, Rua Roberto Simonsen 305, BR-19060900 Presidente Prudente, SP - Brazil
[2] KU Leuven Univ Leuven, Dept Rehabil Sci, Leuven - Belgium
[3] Univ Maiduguri, Coll Med Sci, Dept Physiotherapy, Maiduguri, Borno State - Nigeria
[4] Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, Dept Psychol Med, De Crespigny Pk, London SE5 8AF - England
[5] South London & Maudsley NHS Fdn Trust, London - England
[6] Fed Univ Sergipe UFS, Dept Phys Educ, Sao Cristovao - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders; v. 266, p. 135-142, APR 1 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Aims: We analyzed the joint association of high ultra-processed food ingestion and sedentary behavior (SB) with anxiety-induced sleep disturbance among Brazilian adolescents. Methods: Data from the Brazilian Scholar Health Survey, a nationally representative survey of 9th grade adolescents {[}mean: 14.28 years (range: 11-18 years)] conducted in 2015 (n = 100,648) were used. Self-reported anxiety-induced sleep disturbance, SB (TV viewing and total sitting time), and frequency of ingestion of different ultra-processed foods were collected. Age, ethnicity, type of city (capital or interior), region of the country, and habitual physical activity (global scholar survey questionnaire) were covariates. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the associations. Results: High ultra-processed food ingestion plus low SB {[}boys:OR:1.44(99%CI:1.16-1.79), girls:OR:1.41(99%CI:1.22-1.63)] were risk factors for anxiety-induced sleep disturbance. The highest risk of anxiety-induced sleep disturbance was observed among those who joint high ultra-processed food ingestion with high SB {[}boys:OR:1.85(995 %CI:1.46-2.35), girls:OR:1.62(99%CI:1.39-1.89)]. In addition, the interaction of high ultra-processed food ingestion with TV-viewing substantially increased the odds of anxiety-induced sleep disturbance {[}boys:OR:2.03(99%CI:1.61-2.56), girls:OR:2.04(99%CI:1.76-2.36)]. Conclusions: Both the high consumption of ultra-processed foods and SB (especially TV-viewing) appear to be independently associated with anxiety-induced sleep disturbance in both sexes. However, the co-occurrence of both negative lifestyle behaviors is associated with a substantial increase in the risk of anxiety-induced sleep disturbance. Future longitudinal research is required to confirm/refute our findings and explore potential mechanisms. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/27234-2 - Longitudinal association between biological maturation, body fatness and sports participation predicting the risk of metabolic syndrome and C-reactive protein: structural equation modelling (ABCD - growth study)
Grantee:André de Oliveira Werneck
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master