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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Revision of the Atratus Group of Culex (Melanoconion) (Diptera: Culicidae)

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de Sa, Ivy Luizi Rodrigues [1] ; Hutchings, Rosa Sa Gomes [2] ; Hutchings, Roger William [2] ; Sallum, Maria Anice Mureb [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Saude Publ, Dept Epidemiologia, Ave Doutor Arnaldo 715, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Coordenacao Biodiversidade, Lab Bion & Sistemat Culicidae, Ave Andre Araujo 2-936, BR-69067375 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: PARASITES & VECTORS; v. 13, n. 1 MAY 27 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Background Despite the importance of some species of Culex (Melanoconion) (Diptera: Culicidae) as vectors of several arboviruses that cause diseases in humans and other animals, there are few taxonomic studies focusing on species of the subgenus, especially providing morphological keys for species identification. Results Thirteen species of the Atratus Group of Culex (Melanoconion) were reviewed, five new species are described, and two taxonomic changes are proposed: Cx. (Mel.) exedrus Root, 1927 and Cx. (Mel.) loturus Dyar, 1925 are resurrected from synonymy with Cx. (Mel.) dunni Dyar, 1918 and Cx. (Mel.) zeteki Dyar, 1918, respectively. The Atratus Group now includes fourteen species: Cx. (Mel.) atratus Theobald, 1901; Cx. (Mel.) caribeanus Galindo \& Blanton, 1954; Cx. (Mel.) columnaris Sa \& Hutchings n. sp.; Cx. (Mel.) commevynensis Bonne-Wepster \& Bonne, 1919; Cx. (Mel.) comptus Sa \& Sallum n. sp.; Cx. (Mel.) dunni; Cx. (Mel.) ensiformis Bonne-Wepster \& Bonne, 1919; Cx. (Mel.) exedrus; Cx. (Mel.) longisetosus Sa \& Sallum n. sp.; Cx. (Mel.) longistylus Sa \& Sallum n. sp.; Cx. (Mel.) loturus; Cx. (Mel.) spinifer Sa \& Sallum n. sp.; Cx. (Mel.) trigeminatus Clastrier, 1970; and Cx. (Mel.) zeteki. Keys, descriptions and illustrations for the identification of the male, female, pupal and fourth-instar larval stages of each species are provided. The treatment of each species includes a complete synonymy, descriptions of available life stages, a taxonomic discussion, updated bionomics and geographical distribution, and a list of material examined. Conclusions The taxonomy of the Atratus Group of Culex (Melanoconion) is updated, including descriptions of five new species. The number of valid species is greater than the number recognized in the previous taxonomic study of the group, increasing from seven to 14 species. Distributional and bionomical data are updated. Morphology-based identification keys for females, males, fourth-instar larvae and pupae provided in this study will facilitate species identification. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/26229-7 - Latitudinal landscape genomics and ecology of Anopheles darlingi
Grantee:Maria Anice Mureb Sallum
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/25604-4 - Morphological study of external characteristics of species belonging to atratus and educator groups of Culex (Melanoconion) (Diptera: Culicidae)
Grantee:Ivy Luizi Rodrigues de Sá
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/05109-6 - Taxonomic revision and molecular phylogeny of atratus and educator groups of the subgenus Melanoconion of Culex (Diptera: Culicidae)
Grantee:Ivy Luizi Rodrigues de Sá
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate