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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Calcareous defence structures of prey mediate the effects of predation and biotic resistance towards the tropics

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Author(s):
Dias, Gustavo M. [1] ; Vieira, Edson A. [1, 2, 3] ; Pestana, Lueji [4, 5] ; Marques, Antonio C. [4] ; Karythis, Simon [1, 6] ; Jenkins, Stuart R. [1, 6] ; Griffith, Katherine [6]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, Sao Bernardo Do Campo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Dept Oceanog & Limnol, Natal, RN - Brazil
[3] Griffith, Katherine, Bangor Univ, Sch Ocean Sci, Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales.Dias, Gustavo M., Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, Sao Bernardo Do Campo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Agostinho Neto, Fac Ciencias, Dept Biol, Luanda - Angola
[6] Bangor Univ, Sch Ocean Sci, Bangor, Gwynedd - Wales
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS; v. 26, n. 9 JUN 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

Aims The importance of biotic interactions in creating and maintaining diversity is expected to increase towards low latitudes. However, the way in which predation affects diversity can depend on how predators mediate competitive interactions and also on defensive traits of prey. Here, we assessed the role of physical defences of prey to escape predation and how the importance of predation on community structure and diversity changes across latitude. Location Six sites, in three regions distributed across 45 degrees of latitude in the Atlantic Ocean: a tropical region in Angola, a subtropical region in Brazil and a temperate region in Wales, UK. Methods We manipulated predation on marine sessile communities, using exclusion cages and assessed community parameters, including their susceptibility to biological invasion during early and advanced succession. Results Predation was more intense in the tropics and in advanced communities suggesting that predation effects increase through time. In the tropical region, predators reduced the number of co-occurring species and beta diversity, limited the occurrence of exotic species and promoted a change in the identity of the dominant organisms, replacing soft-bodied organisms with calcified animals. In the subtropical region, predation promoted a similar trait-mediated change in the identity of dominant prey, although it was not strong enough to affect diversity and did not prevent bioinvasion. In the temperate region, other processes than predation seem to drive the community organization and resistance to invasion. Main conclusions Our results support both Biotic Interaction and Biotic Resistance Hypotheses, showing that the importance of predation to biodiversity increases towards the tropics. In addition, where predation is intense, morphological traits of prey drive the final structure and dominance in the community. Our results suggest that physical defences are the main traits preventing predation, perhaps explaining why calcified organisms are among the most common invasive species in coastal habitats. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/18432-1 - Effect of the early colonization on the development and structure of subtidal marine incrusting communities
Grantee:Edson Aparecido Vieira Filho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/17647-5 - Consequences of the modifications caused by recreational marinas on coastal environments for marine sessile organisms
Grantee:Gustavo Muniz Dias
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/50325-9 - The importance of large-scale variation of predation pressure on the organization of sessile communities
Grantee:Gustavo Muniz Dias
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/50242-5 - Dimensions of marine life: patterns and process of diversifications in planktonic and benthic cnidarians
Grantee:Antonio Carlos Marques
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants