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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Evaluation of test duration for feed efficiency in growing beef cattle

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Marzocchi, Milena Zigart [1] ; Sakamoto, Leandro Sannomiya [1] ; Canesin, Roberta Carrilho [1] ; Goncalves Cyrillo, Joslaine dos Santos [1] ; Zerlotti Mercadante, Maria Eugenia [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Inst Zootecnia IZ, Ctr Avancado Pesquisa Bovinos Corte, Sertaozinho, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION; v. 52, n. 4, p. 1533-1539, JUL 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The aim of this study was to determine the shortest test duration necessary for the evaluation of feed efficiency traits, i.e., dry matter intake (DMI), average daily gain (ADG), mid-test metabolic body weight, residual feed intake (RFI), feed conversion ratio (DMI/ADG), and feed conversion efficiency (ADG/DMI). A total of 313 Nellore bulls with an initial age of 283 +/- 23.6 days were evaluated by automated feed intake measurement. The tests were divided into six durations (15, 29, 43, 57, 71, and 84 days), with at least one body weight recording at the beginning and one at the end of each period. Residual variances were estimated per period and correlation coefficients (Pearson and Spearman) were calculated between the 5 test durations and the 84-day test. The results indicated a minimum test duration of 15 days (two weight recordings without fasting) for the measurement of mid-test metabolic body weight, a minimum of 43 days for automated DMI measurement, and a minimum of 71 days for the determination of ADG, RFI, feed conversion ratio, and feed conversion efficiency. Individual analysis of the DMI records obtained with the GrowSafe (R) and Intergado (R) automated feeders showed that a test duration of 57 days is sufficient for measurement of this trait. We therefore recommend a test duration of 71 days after a minimum adaptation period of 21 days for the determination of feed efficiency in growing Nellore cattle, with weight recordings without fasting every 15 days. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/17313-5 - Enteric methane emission, feed efficiency and digestibility of Nellore cattle
Grantee:Leandro Sannomiya Sakamoto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/52201-1 - Selection for beef production with reduced greenhouse gas emissions
Grantee:Maria Eugênia Zerlotti Mercadante
Support type: Regular Research Grants