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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Fungus-growing insects host a distinctive microbiota apparently adapted to the fungiculture environment

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Barcoto, Mariana O. [1, 2] ; Carlos-Shanley, Camila [3] ; Fan, Huan [4] ; Ferro, Milene [1] ; Nagamoto, Nilson S. [5] ; Bacci, Jr., Mauricio [1] ; Currie, Cameron R. [4] ; Rodrigues, Andre [1, 2]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Ctr Study Social Insects, Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Dept Biochem & Microbiol, Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[3] Texas State Univ, Dept Biol, San Marcos, TX - USA
[4] Univ Wisconsin, Dept Bacteriol, Madison, WI 53706 - USA
[5] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Dept Plant Protect, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 10, n. 1 JUL 24 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Some lineages of ants, termites, and beetles independently evolved a symbiotic association with lignocellulolytic fungi cultivated for food, in a lifestyle known as fungiculture. Fungus-growing insects' symbiosis also hosts a bacterial community thought to integrate their physiology. Similarities in taxonomic composition support the microbiota of fungus-growing insects as convergent, despite differences in fungus-rearing by these insects. Here, by comparing fungus-growing insects to several hosts ranging diverse dietary patterns, we investigate whether the microbiota taxonomic and functional profiles are characteristic of the fungiculture environment. Compared to other hosts, the microbiota associated with fungus-growing insects presents a distinctive taxonomic profile, dominated by Gammaproteobacteria at class level and by Pseudomonas at genera level. Even with a functional profile presenting similarities with the gut microbiota of herbivorous and omnivorous hosts, some differentially abundant features codified by the microbiota of fungus-growing insects suggest these communities occupying microhabitats that are characteristic of fungiculture. These features include metabolic pathways involved in lignocellulose breakdown, detoxification of plant secondary metabolites, metabolism of simple sugars, fungal cell wall deconstruction, biofilm formation, antimicrobials biosynthesis, and metabolism of diverse nutrients. Our results suggest that the microbiota could be functionally adapted to the fungiculture environment, codifying metabolic pathways potentially relevant to the fungus-growing insects' ecosystems functioning. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/25299-6 - Integrated studies for leaf cutting control
Grantee:João Batista Fernandes
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/16415-0 - Metabolic potential of fungus-garden microbiomes of Attini ants
Grantee:Mariana de Oliveira Barcoto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 19/03746-0 - Collaborative research: Dimensions US-São Paulo: integrating phylogeny, genetics, and chemical ecology to unravel the tangled bank of the multipartite fungus-farming ant symbiosis
Grantee:Mauricio Bacci Junior
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/02767-5 - Metabolic potential of bacterial microbiomes from fungus gardens of Attini ants
Grantee:Mariana de Oliveira Barcoto
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
FAPESP's process: 13/50954-0 - Novel therapeutic agents from the bacterial symbionts of Brazilian invertebrates
Grantee:Mônica Tallarico Pupo
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/04824-9 - Genomic changes underlying speciation of leaf-cutting ants
Grantee:Mauricio Bacci Junior
Support type: Regular Research Grants