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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Phylogeography of the Variable Antshrike (Thamnophilus caerulescens), a South American passerine distributed along multiple environmental gradients

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Bolivar-Leguizamon, Sergio D. [1] ; Silveira, Luis F. [1] ; Derryberry, Elizabeth P. [2] ; Brumfield, Robb T. [3, 4] ; Bravo, Gustavo A. [1, 5, 6]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Museu Zool, BR-04263000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Tennessee, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Knoxville, TN 37996 - USA
[3] Louisiana State Univ, Museum Nat Sci, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 - USA
[4] Louisiana State Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 - USA
[5] Harvard Univ, Museum Comparat Zool, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[6] Harvard Univ, Dept Organism & Evolutionary Biol, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution; v. 148, JUL 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 1

The Neotropics show a wealth of distributional patterns shared by many co-distributed species. A distinctive pattern is the so-called ``circum-Amazonian distribution,{''} which is observed in species that do not occur in Amazonia but rather along a belt of forested habitats spanning south and east of Amazonia, the Andean foothills, and often into the Venezuelan Coastal Range and the Tepuis. Although this pattern is widespread across animals and plants, its underlying biogeographic mechanisms remain poorly understood. The Variable Antshrike (Thamnophilus caerulescens) is a sexually dimorphic suboscine passerine that exhibits extreme plumage variation and occurs along the southern portion of the circum-Amazonian belt. We describe broad-scale phylogeographic patterns of T. caerulescens and assess its demographic history using DNA sequences from the mitochondrion and ultraconserved elements (UCEs). We identified three genomic clusters: a) northern Atlantic Forest; b) southeastern Cerrado and central-southern Atlantic Forest, and c) Chaco and Andes. Our results were consistent with Pleistocene divergence followed by gene flow, mainly between the latter two clusters. There were no genetic signatures of rapid population expansions or bottlenecks. The population from the northern Atlantic Forest was the most genetically divergent group within the species. The demographic history of T. caerulescens was probably affected by series of humid and dry periods throughout the Quaternary that generated subtle population expansions and contractions allowing the intermittent connection of habitats along the circum-Amazonian belt. Recognizing the dynamic history of climate-mediated forest expansions, contractions, and connections during the South American Pleistocene is central toward a mechanistic understanding of circum-Amazonian distributions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/23548-2 - Evaluation, recovering and conservation of endangered animal species from the Pernambuco Centre of Endemism
Grantee:Luís Fábio Silveira
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/16092-7 - Comparative phylogeography of passerine birds with circum-Amazonian distribution
Grantee:Sergio David Bolívar Leguizamón
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate