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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Influence of Synthesis Time on the Morphology and Properties of CeO2 Nanoparticles: An Experimental-Theoretical Study

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Author(s):
de Oliveira, Regiane Cristina [1, 2] ; Ciola Amoresi, Rafael Aparecido [1] ; Marana, Naiara Leticia [3] ; Zaghete, Maria Aparecida [4] ; Ponce, Miguel [5] ; Chiquito, Adenilson Jose [6] ; Sambrano, Julio Ricardo [3] ; Longo, Elson [7] ; Simoes, Alexandre Zirpoli [1]
Total Authors: 9
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Fac Engn Guaratingueta, Guaratingueta, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Modeling & Mol Simulat Grp, Guaratingueta, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Modeling & Mol Simulat Grp, Bauru, SP - Brazil
[4] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Chem Inst, LIEC, Interdisciplinary Lab Electrochem & Ceram, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[5] INTEMA Natl Univ Mar del Plata, Res Inst Mat Sci & Technol, Mar Del Plata - Argentina
[6] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, UFSCar, Dept Phys, NanOLaB, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[7] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, UFSCar, LIEC, Interdisciplinary Lab Electrochem & Ceram, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: Crystal Growth & Design; v. 20, n. 8, p. 5031-5042, AUG 5 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Here we combined experimental and theoretical results to correlate the morphological, optical, and electronic properties of cerium oxide (CeO2) prepared by a microwave-assisted hydrothermal method with varying synthesis times. X-ray diffraction confirmed a cubic structure without deleterious phases. Density functional theory simulations confirmed an indirect (K-L) bandgap energy of 2.80 eV, with an electron transition between O-2p and Ce-4f orbitals, which agrees with the value obtained using diffuse reflectance. Raman spectroscopy shows that changing the synthesis times results in samples with different defect densities at a short range. Theoretical calculations confirmed that the deformations and changes in the experimental Raman spectra area result in oxygen displacement; as the displacement decreases, the crystallinity increases, and only one peak was observed. Scanning electron microscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy show changes in the morphologies as the synthesis time varies. For shorter times, sheet and polyhedral morphologies were noted. With time increases, the sheets turn into nanorods and nanowires until the nanowires decrease and cubes are observed. In addition, an initial study regarding the influence of the surface on the electric response of CeO2 was completed. It was observed that the presence of different surface defects ({[}CeO6 center dot 2V(o)(x)] or {[}CeO7 center dot V-o(x)]) can alter the material resistance. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57872-1 - National Institute for Materials Science in Nanotechnology
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/19143-7 - An experimental theoretical approach of conduction mechanisms and interface defects of heterostructures sensors based on p-n and n-n semiconductors from CeO2 matrices
Grantee:Rafael Aparecido Ciola Amoresi
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/07296-2 - CDMF - Center for the Development of Functional Materials
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 16/07476-9 - Porous nanotubes of carbon and inorganic semiconductors: a computational study
Grantee:Julio Ricardo Sambrano
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/25500-4 - Functionalization of semiconductor nanotubes via interfaces and gas adsorption: a computational approach
Grantee:Naiara Letícia Marana
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate