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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Assessing the Complexity of Social-Ecological Systems: Taking Stock of the Cross-Scale Dependence

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Goncalves, Leandra R. [1] ; Oliveira, Mayara [2] ; Turra, Alexander [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Oceanog Inst, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Queensland, Sch Biol Sci, Brisbane, Qld 4072 - Australia
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: SUSTAINABILITY; v. 12, n. 15 AUG 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Human demands and activities introduce cross-scale pressures in different systems and scales, affecting the provision of ecosystem services and causing an unbalanced effect on human well-being within the territory. The existing institutions are frequently considered panaceas since they do not take into account the different spatial and jurisdictional scales of the social-ecological systems (SES). This paper aims to broaden the existing DPSIR (Drivers-Pressures-State-Impact-Response) assessment frameworks to strengthen the ecosystem approach and promote an integrated cross-scale perspective. The concept of the Cross-scale Ecosystem-Based Assessment (DIET) was developed and applied to a case study on the demand of seafood provisions. The assessment has indicated that the activities related to the specified demand occur at different scales and generate cumulative impacts and pressures on other scales, especially in the coastal zone. The existing responses to address this issue are highly fragmented, both spatially and among sectors. DIET was applied here to the land-sea interface to illustrate how coastal zone governance and management can be improved and how the impact of certain drivers or activities in the SES can be reduced. DIET may help to reduce the governance morbidity and prevent panaceas by fostering the integration of institutions in pursuing flexible, adaptive and fit-for-purpose policies to address complex issues so as to secure social-ecological justice and well-being for all humans. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/00462-8 - Opportunities and weakeness of integrated coastal management on the São Paulo coast in the context of macro-metropolis governance
Grantee:Leandra Regina Gonçalves Torres
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/03804-9 - Environmental governance of macrometropolis paulista in face of climate variability
Grantee:Pedro Roberto Jacobi
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/04481-0 - How to govern the coastal zone in the macro-metropolitan region: challenges for integrated coastal management on the São Paulo coast
Grantee:Leandra Regina Gonçalves Torres
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor