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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Interaction of space allowance and diet on growth performance and physiological responses of piglets raised in tropical conditions

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Author(s):
de Almeida, Guilherme Resende [1] ; Hauschild, Luciano [2] ; Fraga, Alicia Zem [2] ; de Oliveira Littiere, Thayssa [2, 1] ; Moreira, Vinicius Eduardo [3, 1] ; de Castro Weitzel, Lidianne Carolina [4] ; Caetano, Raphael Perini [2] ; Lima, Gustavo Freire Resende [5] ; Campos, Paulo Henrique Reis Furtado [3]
Total Authors: 9
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Vales Jequitinhonha & Mucuri, Dept Anim Sci, Anim Sci Postgrad Program, BR-3910000 Diamantina - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Sch Agr & Vet Sci, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Vicosa, Dept Anim Sci, BR-36570900 Vicosa, MG - Brazil
[4] Inst Fed Educ Ciencia & Tecnol Minas Gerais, BR-36180000 Rio Pomba - Brazil
[5] AGROCERES PIC, BR-13500359 Rio Claro - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION; v. 52, n. 6, p. 3575-3582, NOV 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Intensification of pig production in developing countries has resulted in increased number of animals per unit area leading to welfare and growth performance issues. This study was then performed to evaluate the effects of space allowance and dietary energy and amino acid content on growth performance and physiological parameters of piglets reared under tropical conditions. A total of 1280 piglets (castrated males and females) with initial body weight of 5.9 +/- 0.4 kg were used. Animals were distributed in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement composed by two space allowances (0.30 and 0.22 m(2)/animal) and two diets during 43 to 63 days of age (control and experimental diet with increased ME and AA content). The experimental period lasted 42 days subdivided into four phases according to the growth stage of the animals: pre-initial I (21 to 27 days of age), pre-initial II (28 to 34 days), initial I (35 to 42 days), and initial II (43 to 63 days). During pre-initial I and II, and initial I phases, pigs housed at a space allowance of 0.30 and 22 m(2)/animal had similar (P > 0.05) feed intake, weight gain, and feed conversion. During initial phase II, space allowance did not affect (P > 0.05) feed intake nor weight gain of the animals. Whereas, pigs fed the experimental diet had greater weight gain when compared to the control group (530 vs. 515 g/day,P = 0.03). According to our results, reducing space allowance from 0.30 to 22 m(2)/animal during the nursery phase (21 to 63 days of age) had negligible effects on piglet feed intake and weight gain, whereas feeding piglets with diets containing higher energy and amino levels resulted in greater weight gain. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/15559-7 - Precision nutrition for sanitary challenged pigs reared in hot climate areas
Grantee:Luciano Hauschild
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants - Phase 2