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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A research agenda for the restoration of tropical and subtropical grasslands and savannas

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Author(s):
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Buisson, Elise [1, 2] ; Fidelis, Alessandra [3] ; Overbeck, Gerhard E. [4] ; Schmidt, Isabel B. [5] ; Durigan, Giselda [6] ; Young, Truman P. [1] ; Alvarado, Swanni T. [7] ; Arruda, Andre J. [2, 8] ; Boisson, Sylvain [9] ; Bond, William [10] ; Coutinho, Andre [11] ; Kirkman, Kevin [12] ; Oliveira, Rafael S. [13] ; Schmitt, Melissa H. [14, 15] ; Siebert, Frances [16] ; Siebert, Stefan J. [16] ; Thompson, Dave I. [15, 17] ; Silveira, Fernando A. O. [8]
Total Authors: 18
Affiliation:
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[1] Univ Calif Davis, Dept Plant Sci, Davis, CA 95616 - USA
[2] Aix Marseille Univ, Avignon Univ, Inst Mediterraneen Biodiversite & Ecol IMBE, CNRS, IRD, IUT Avignon, AGROPARC BP61207, F-84911 Avignon 9 - France
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Lab Vegetat Ecol, Av 24A, 1515, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Bot, Av Bento Goncalves 9500, BR-91501970 Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
[5] Univ Brasilia, Dept Ecol, Campus Univ Darcy Ribeiro, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[6] Inst Florestal Estado Sao Paulo, Floresta Estadual Assis, POB 104, BR-19802970 Assis, SP - Brazil
[7] Univ Estadual Maranhao, Sao Luis, Maranhao - Brazil
[8] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Ciencias Biol, Dept Genet Ecol & Evolucao, Av Antonio Carlos 6627, BR-MG312709 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[9] Univ Liege Gembloux Agrobio Tech, Biodivers & Landscape, TERRA, Gembloux - Belgium
[10] Univ Cape Town, Dept Biol Sci, Rondebosch - South Africa
[11] Univ Brasilia, Ecol Grad Program, Campus Univ Darcy Ribeiro, BR-70 91090 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[12] Univ KwaZulu Natal, Sch Life Sci, Pietermaritzburg, Kwazulu Natal - South Africa
[13] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Plant Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[14] Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Dept Ecol Evolut & Marine Biol, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 - USA
[15] South African Environm Observat Network, Ndlovu Node, Sci Serv, Kruger Natl Pk, Private Bag X1021, ZA-1390 Phalaborwa - South Africa
[16] North West Univ, Unit Environm Sci & Management, 11 Hoffman St, ZA-2531 Potchefstroom, North West - South Africa
[17] Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Geog Archaeol & Environm Studies, Private Bag 3, ZA-2050 Johannesburg - South Africa
Total Affiliations: 17
Document type: Review article
Source: RESTORATION ECOLOGY; v. 29, n. 1, SI NOV 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

Despite growing recognition of the conservation value of grassy biomes, our understanding of how to restore biodiverse tropical and subtropical grassy biomes (grasslands and savannas; TGB) remains limited. Several tools have recently been identified for TGB restoration, including prescribed fires, appropriate management of livestock and wild herbivores, tree cutting and shrub removal, invasive species control, and the reintroduction of native grasses and forbs via seeding or transplants. However, additional research for improved TGB restoration is needed. This article aims to identify ecological research priorities for TGB restoration. The following points are crucial to scale up TGB restoration and meet the challenges of the UN Restoration Decade. Research should focus on: disentangling the reasons why TGB are often undervalued and misunderstood; mapping TGB restoration opportunities; identifying regions where TGB and other biomes naturally exist as alternative stable states; recognizing areas with natural regeneration potential to avoid unnecessary intervention; restoring soil conditions; disentangling factors driving low seed quality, determining germination requirements and developing vegetative propagation techniques for TGB species; disentangling the limiting factors and key ecological processes underlying seedling establishment and community assembly; improving and validating long-term management to mimic natural disturbance regimes; setting the minimum attributes of desirable TGB in terms of structure, composition, functioning, and resilience; and improving monitoring of restoration outcomes. Such research has the potential to advance theory, policy, and practice in TGB restoration, ultimately resulting in long-term benefits for people and nature in some of the more neglected ecosystems of our planet. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/09903-0 - Fire-adapted seed traits in Cerrado species
Grantee:Alessandra Tomaselli Fidelis
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/07773-1 - Restoring neo-tropical dry ecosystems - is plant functional composition the key to success?
Grantee:Rafael Silva Oliveira
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/06743-0 - How does fire season affect Cerrado vegetation?
Grantee:Alessandra Tomaselli Fidelis
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants