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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Circulating miR-16-5p, miR-92a-3p, and miR-451a in Plasma from Lung Cancer Patients: Potential Application in Early Detection and a Regulatory Role in Tumorigenesis Pathways

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Reis, Patricia P. [1, 2] ; Drigo, Sandra A. [1, 2] ; Carvalho, Robson F. [3] ; Lopez Lapa, Rainer Marco [4] ; Felix, Tainara F. [1, 2] ; Patel, Devalben [5] ; Cheng, Dangxiao [5] ; Pintilie, Melania [5] ; Liu, Geoffrey [6, 5, 7] ; Tsao, Ming-Sound [6, 5, 8, 9]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Fac Med, UNESP, BR-18618687 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, Expt Res Unity, UNESP, BR-18618687 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ, Inst Biosci, Dept Struct & Funct Biol, UNESP, BR-18618689 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Catolica Los Angeles Chimbote, Inst Invest, Chimbote 02800 - Peru
[5] Univ Hlth Network, Princess Margaret Canc Ctr, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7 - Canada
[6] Univ Toronto, Dept Med Biophys, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7 - Canada
[7] Princess Margaret Canc Ctr, Dept Med Oncol & Hematol, Toronto, ON M5G 2C1 - Canada
[8] Univ Toronto, Dept Lab Med & Pathobiol, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8 - Canada
[9] Univ Hlth Network, Lab Med Program, Toronto, ON M5S 1A1 - Canada
Total Affiliations: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: CANCERS; v. 12, n. 8 AUG 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Background: Micro(mi)RNAs, potent gene expression regulators associated with tumorigenesis, are stable, abundant circulating molecules, and detectable in plasma. Thus, miRNAs could potentially be useful in early lung cancer detection. We aimed to identify circulating miRNA signatures in plasma from patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC), and to verify whether miRNAs regulate lung oncogenesis pathways. Methods: RNA isolated from 139 plasma samples (40 LUAD, 38 LUSC; 61 healthy/non-diseased individuals) were divided into discovery (38 patients; 21 controls for expression quantification using an 800-miRNA panel; Nanostring nCounter(R)) and validation (40 patients; 40 controls; TaqMan(R)RT-qPCR) cohorts. Elastic net, Maximizing-R-Square Analysis (MARSA), and C-Statistics were applied for miRNA signature identification. Results: When compared to healthy individuals, 580 of 606 deregulated miRNAs in LUAD and 221 of 226 deregulated miRNAs in LUSC had significantly increased levels. Among the 10 most significantly overexpressed miRNAs, 6 were common to patients with LUAD and LUSC. Further analysis identified three signatures composed of 12 miRNAs. Signatures included miRNAs commonly overexpressed in patient plasma. Enriched pathways included target genes modulated by three miRNAs in the C-Statistics signature: miR-16-5p, miR-92a-3p, and miR-451a. Conclusions: The 3-miRNA signature (miR-16-5p, miR-92a-3p, miR-451a) had high specificity (100%) and sensitivity (84%) to predict cancer (LUAD and LUSC). These miRNAs are predicted to modulate genes and pathways with known roles in lung tumorigenesis, includingEGFR,K-RAS, andPI3K/AKTsignaling, suggesting that the 3-miRNA signature is biologically relevant in adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/09021-9 - Circulating microRNAs as potential biomarkers for early diagnosis in non-small cell lung cancer
Grantee:Patricia Pintor dos Reis
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research