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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A new proposal for the technological analysis of lithic points: Application for understanding the cultural diversity of hunter gatherers in Eastern South America

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Author(s):
Moreno de Sousa, Joao Carlos [1] ; Okumura, Mercedes [1]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biosci, Dept Genet & Evolutionary Biol, Lab Human Evolutionary Studies, Rua Matao 277, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL; v. 562, p. 1-12, OCT 10 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The lack of a standard protocol for analyzing and comparing multiple assemblages of lithic artifacts has hindered the advance of a better understanding of the cultural diversity associated to prehistoric hunter-gatherer groups. This was the case of Brazilian archaeologists that for many decades associated lithic stemmed point assemblages to a cultural entity known as ``Umbu Tradition{''}. However, most associations of assemblages to this ``tradition{''} have been made regardless of the type of lithic points, as well as ignoring other elements related to the lithic industry, settlement patterns, among others. As a result, since the 1980s, several studies have been questioning the validity of such Tradition. Recent research has proposed new definitions for the previously associated Umbu Tradition lithic industries based on the stemmed points typology. However, no raw data on the technological analysis of such points have ever been presented. This article proposes a protocol for the technological study of lithic points that allows the application of descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis to verify if these types present or not significant differences. We present new data on the technological analysis of 501 lithic points from sites located in the supposed Umbu Tradition coverage area and period, as well two new Early Holocene C14 dates for one of the studied sites (Caetetuba site). Our results corroborate previous propositions of discarding Umbu Tradition as a valid cultural entity, as well as new typologies for the points. We also show that our protocol is suitable to unravel potential cultural patterns regarding many attributes in lithic points as well as to explore if there are significant differences among previously defined types. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/08870-0 - Cultural evolution and diversity in hunter-gatherer groups from Eastern Paraná and Uruguay Basins
Grantee:João Carlos Moreno de Sousa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/23282-5 - Change and continuity in prehistoric human groups from Ribeira de Iguape Valley (São Paulo and Paraná): applying evolutionary theory to bioarchaeology and material culture
Grantee:Maria Mercedes Martinez Okumura
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/23584-6 - INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACHES FOR THE STUDY OF PALEOINDIAN OCCUPATIONS AT SÃO PAULO STATE: INTEGRATING ARCHAEOLOGY AND EARTH SCIENCES
Grantee:Astolfo Gomes de Mello Araujo
Support type: Regular Research Grants