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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Paracoccidioides HSP90 Can Be Found in the Cell Surface and is a Target for Antibodies with Therapeutic Potential

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Author(s):
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D'Aurea Moura, Agata Nogueira [1] ; Lima de Oliveira, Diane Sthefany [2] ; Paredes, Verenice [3, 4] ; Rocha, Leticia Barboza [5] ; Mende de Oliveira, Fabiana Freire [4] ; Lessa, Gustavo Meirell [4] ; Riasco-Palacios, Juan Fernando [4] ; Casadevall, Arturo [6] ; Albuquerque, Patricia [7] ; Soares Felipe, Maria Sueli [2, 8] ; Fontes Piazza, Roxane Maria [5] ; Nicola, Andre Moraes [8, 3, 4]
Total Authors: 12
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Inst Trop Med, Dept Dermatol, BR-05403000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Brasilia, Inst Biol Sci, BR-70910900 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[3] Karan Technol Res & Dev, BR-70632200 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[4] Univ Brasilia, Fac Med, BR-70910900 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[5] Butantan Inst, Bacteriol Lab, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[6] Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Mol Microbiol & Immunol, Baltimore, MD 21205 - USA
[7] Univ Brasilia, Fac Ceilandia, BR-72220275 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[8] Univ Catolica Brasilia, Grad Program Genom Sci & Biotechnol, BR-70790160 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF FUNGI; v. 6, n. 4 DEC 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is one of the most frequent systemic mycoses in Latin America. It affects mainly male rural workers in impoverished regions, and the therapy can last up to two years or use drugs that are very toxic. Given the need for novel safe and effective approaches to treat PCM, we have been developing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that could be used not only to block specific fungal targets, but also modulate the host's antifungal immunity. In this work we show the generation of and promising results with an mAb against Heat Shock Protein (HSP)90, a molecular chaperone that is an important virulence factor in fungi. Using recombinant Paracoccidioides lutzii (Pb01) and P. brasiliensis (Pb18) HSP90 proteins produced in E. coli, we immunized mice and generated polyclonal antibodies and an IgG1 hybridoma mAb. The proteins were very immunogenic and both the polyclonal serum and mAb were used in immunofluorescence experiments, which showed binding of antibodies to the yeast cell surface. The mAb successfully opsonized P. lutzii and P. brasiliensis cells in co-incubations with J774.16 macrophage-like cells. Our results suggest that this mAb could serve as the basis for new immunotherapy regimens for PCM. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/17178-2 - OPTIMIZATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF RECOMBINANT ANTIBODIES AND THEIR APPLICATION FOR DIAGNOSIS AND THERAPY OF SHIGA, HEAT-LABILE AND HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXINS
Grantee:Roxane Maria Fontes Piazza
Support type: Regular Research Grants