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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Flexible, low-cost and scalable, nanostructured conductive paper-based, efficient hygroelectric generator

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Author(s):
Moreira, Kelly S. [1] ; Lermen, Diana [1] ; dos Santos, Leandra P. [2] ; Galembeck, Fernando [2] ; Burgo, Thiago A. L. [1, 3]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Santa Maria, Dept Chem, BR-97105900 Santa Maria, RS - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Chem, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Santa Maria, Dept Phys, BR-97105900 Santa Maria, RS - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE; v. 14, n. 1, p. 353-358, JAN 1 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Electric energy harvesting mediated by atmospheric humidity was first demonstrated in 2010, followed by the description of different approaches by many authors. Moisture-based energy-harvesting devices usually contain metals and/or are fabricated using nanomaterials and lithographic processes. Here we present a flexible energy harvesting device that is an asymmetric capacitor, formed by two electrodes made out of Kraft paper coated with exfoliated and reassembled graphite (ERG). The electrodes are doped with different chemicals and finished using standard papermaking processes. The voltage output of a single ERG-based hygroelectric generator (ERG-HEG) cell is as high as 0.5 V and it can deliver 250 nA of electric current through a 2 M omega resistor, for days. The voltage and current outputs can be scaled up by connecting ERG-HEGs in series or parallel. Energy harvesting is also achieved by short (5 seconds) cyclic capacitor charge/discharge extending for more than two weeks. Examinaton of the electrodes during their operation, using Kelvin probe and microscopy analysis, showed that negative charge carriers are the main actors in the ERG-HEG devices. The low material cost, the simple fabrication processes and the energy output invite further development and scaling-up of this ``green{''} alternative for producing electricity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50906-9 - INCT 2014: in Functional Complex Materials
Grantee:Fernando Galembeck
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/54066-7 - Multi-User Laboratory for Advanced Optical Spectroscopy
Grantee:Yoshitaka Gushikem
Support type: Multi-user Equipment Program
FAPESP's process: 19/04565-9 - Conductive inks, adhesives and coatings made with exfoliated graphite, applied to making electrical components and circuits
Grantee:Leandra Pereira dos Santos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Innovative Research in Small Business - PIPE
FAPESP's process: 18/00834-2 - Conductive inks, adhesives and coatings made with exfoliated graphite, applied to making electrical components and circuits
Grantee:Fernando Galembeck
Support type: Research Grants - Innovative Research in Small Business - PIPE