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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Synergy of Aspergillus niger and Components in Biofertilizer Composites Increases the Availability of Nutrients to Plants

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Klaic, Rodrigo [1, 2] ; Guimaraes, Gelton G. F. [3] ; Giroto, Amanda S. [1] ; Bernardi, Alberto C. C. [4] ; Zangirolami, Teresa C. [2] ; Ribeiro, Caue [1, 5] ; Farinas, Cristiane S. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Embrapa Instrumentacao, Rua 15 Novembro 1452, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Grad Program Chem Engn, Rod Washington Luiz, Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Empresa Pesquisa Agr & Extensao Rural Santa Catar, Rod Antonio Heil, Km 6800, BR-88318112 Itajai, SC - Brazil
[4] Embrapa Pecuaria Sudeste, Rod Washington Luiz, Km 234, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[5] Forschungszentrum Julich, Electrochem Proc Engn, Inst Energy & Climate Res IEK 14, D-52425 Julich - Germany
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Current Microbiology; v. 78, n. 4 MAR 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Intensive fertilization has been required to provide nutrients for plant growth under the current agricultural practices being applied to meet the global food demands. Micronutrients such as zinc, manganese, and copper are required in small quantities when compared to macronutrients (such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium), but they are essential for the plant growth cycle and consequently for increasing productivity. Mineral oxides such as ZnO, MnO, and CuO are used in agriculture as micronutrient sources, but their low solubility limits practical applications in plant nutrition. Similarly, elemental sulfur (S-0) can provide a high-concentration source of sulfate, but its availability is limited by the ability of the soil to promote S-0 oxidation. We propose here the integration of these nutrients in a composite based on a biodegradable starch matrix containing mineral oxides and S-0 in a dispersion that allowed encapsulation of the acidifying agent Aspergillus niger, a native soil fungus. This strategy effectively improved the final nutrient solubility, with the composite starch/S-0/oxide(mixture) multi-nutrient fertilizer showing remarkable results for solubilization of the oxides, hence confirming a synergic effect of S-0 oxidation and microbial solubilization. This composite exhibited an extended shelf life and soil-plant experiments with Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) confirmed high efficiencies for dry matter production, nutrient uptake, and recovery. These findings can contribute to the development of environmentally friendly fertilizers towards a more sustainable agriculture and could open up new applications for formulations containing poorly soluble oxide sources. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/10636-8 - From the cell factory to the Biodiesel-Bioethanol integrated biorefinery: a systems approach applied to complex problems in micro and macroscales
Grantee:Roberto de Campos Giordano
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Thematic Grants
Grantee:Gelton Geraldo Fernandes Guimarães
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/11821-5 - Study of Nanosize Phosphate Solubilization Dispersed in Matrices of Different Solubilities
Grantee:Amanda Soares Giroto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate