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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Co-occurrences of tropical trees in eastern South America: disentangling abiotic and biotic forces

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Marjakangas, Emma-Liina [1, 2] ; Ovaskainen, Otso [1, 3] ; Abrego, Nerea [4] ; Grotan, Vidar [1] ; de Oliveira, Alexandre A. [5] ; Prado, Paulo I. [5] ; de Lima, Renato A. F. [5, 6]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Ctr Biodivers Dynam, Dept Biol, N-7491 Trondheim - Norway
[2] Univ Helsinki, Finnish Museum Nat Hist, POB 17, Helsinki 00014 - Finland
[3] Univ Helsinki, Organismal & Evolutionary Biol Res Programme, POB 65, Helsinki 00014 - Finland
[4] Univ Helsinki, Dept Agr Sci, POB 27, Helsinki 00014 - Finland
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Natr Biodivers Ctr, Trop Bot Grp, NL-2333 CR Leiden - Netherlands
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLANT ECOLOGY; v. 222, n. 7, p. 791-806, JUL 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Species co-occurrences in local communities can arise independent or dependent on species' niches. However, the role of niche-dependent processes has not been thoroughly deciphered when generalized to biogeographical scales, probably due to combined shortcomings of data and methodology. Here, we explored the influence of environmental filtering and limiting similarity, as well as biogeographical processes that relate to the assembly of species' communities and co-occurrences. We modelled jointly the occurrences and co-occurrences of 1016 tropical tree species with abundance data from inventories of 574 localities in eastern South America. We estimated species co-occurrences as raw and residual associations with models that excluded and included the environmental effects on the species' co-occurrences, respectively. Raw associations indicate co-occurrence of species, whereas residual associations indicate co-occurrence of species after accounting for shared responses to environment. Generally, the influence of environmental filtering exceeded that of limiting similarity in shaping species' co-occurrences. The number of raw associations was generally higher than that of the residual associations due to the shared responses of tree species to the environmental covariates. Contrary to what was expected from assuming limiting similarity, phylogenetic relatedness or functional similarity did not limit tree co-occurrences. The proportions of positive and negative residual associations varied greatly across the study area, and we found a significant tendency of some biogeographical regions having higher proportions of negative associations between them, suggesting that large-scale biogeographical processes limit the establishment of trees and consequently their co-occurrences. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 99/08515-0 - Methods for biodiversity inventory of arboreal species
Grantee:Hilton Thadeu Zarate do Couto
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/08722-5 - The role of functional diversity in structuring tropical tree communities: a model-based approach
Grantee:Renato Augusto Ferreira de Lima
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 99/09635-0 - Diversity, dynamics and conservation in São Paulo State Forests: 40ha of permanent parcels
Grantee:Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants